Morbid Obesity as a Therapeutic Target for Heart Failure
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Purpose of review
This review will define morbid obesity and relationship between morbid obesity and heart failure syndromes. It will delve into unique challenges facing patients with dual diagnoses of heart failure and morbid obesity and examine the data that obesity should be a target in the treatment of heart failure.
Emerging literature has indicated the safety and efficacy of surgical weight loss in patients with heart failure. Furthermore, bariatric surgery with associated weight loss has been associated with improvements in heart failure symptoms and reverse remodeling on echocardiography. In patients with advanced heart failure, bariatric surgery has led to improvement in heart failure to obviate the need for cardiac transplantation or sufficient weight loss for cardiac transplant eligibility.
In heart failure patients who are morbidly obese, treatment of obesity is an effective therapeutic target with a myriad of potential benefits.
KeywordsObesity Bariatric surgery HFrEF HFpEF Metabolics of heart failure
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The author declares that there are no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.
References and recommended Reading
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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