Specialized Care for Women: the Impact of Women’s Heart Centers

  • Gina P. Lundberg
  • Laxmi S. Mehta
  • Annabelle S. Volgman
Women’s Health (M Wood, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Women’s Health


Purpose of the review

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been and remains the leading cause of mortality in women in the United States. For decades, more women died every year of CVD compared to men. Heart centers for women (HCW) are developed in response to the need for greater patient and physician awareness of CVD in women and to conduct sex-specific research in women. Today, many HCW provide multispecialty and focused areas of cardiovascular care for women. HCW provide their female patients with expertise over the many stages of a woman’s life. And HCW partner with national organizations to advance research and education through specialized and focused care for women. The purpose of this review is to review the historical development of heart centers for women and discuss the types of care they provide for women.

Recent findings

Mortality rates from cardiovascular disease in women are finally reaching the levels of men after decades of focus on awareness, prevention, and evidence-based guideline-directed care for women.


Heart centers for women have evolved to provide subspecialty and comprehensive care for women that includes education and research. Heart centers for women are partnering with many other disease-based and patient advocacy organizations to provide care for all women at all stages of life. Alarmingly, there has been increasing CVD mortality in both men and women recently.


Women Cardiovascular disease Prevention Disparities Heart centers for women Specialized care 



Alzheimer’s disease


American Heart Association


coronary artery disease


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


cognitive impairment




cardiovascular disease


familial hypercholesterolemia


heart centers for women




menopausal hormone therapy


National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


spontaneous coronary artery dissection


United States


Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for WOMen Across the Nation


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gina P. Lundberg
    • 1
  • Laxmi S. Mehta
    • 2
  • Annabelle S. Volgman
    • 3
  1. 1.Emory Women’s Heart CenterEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Women’s Cardiovascular ProgramThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Rush Heart Center for WomenRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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