Traditional Biofeedback vs. Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy—Is One Clearly Superior?

  • Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian
  • Lida Sharifi-Rad
  • Behnam Nabavizadeh
  • Abdol-Mohammad KajbafzadehEmail author
Pediatric Urology (D Weiss, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pediatric Urology


Purpose of Review

Pelvic floor physical therapy is a worldwide accepted therapy that has been exclusively used to manage many pelvic floor disorders in adults and children. The aim of this review is to suggest to clinicians an updated understanding of this therapeutic approach in management of children with non-neuropathic voiding dysfunction.

Recent Findings

Today, pelvic floor muscle training through biofeedback is widely used as a part of a voiding retraining program aiming to help children with voiding dysfunction which is caused by pelvic floor overactivity. Biofeedback on its own, without a pelvic floor training component, is not an effective treatment. Biofeedback is an adjunct to the pelvic floor training.


In the current review, we develop the role of pelvic floor physical therapy in management of children with non-neuropathic voiding dysfunction and compare it with biofeedback therapy alone.


Biofeedback Pelvic floor physical therapy Voiding dysfunction Dysfunctional voiding Children 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian, Lida Sharifi-Rad, Behnam Nabavizadeh, and Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian
    • 1
  • Lida Sharifi-Rad
    • 1
    • 2
  • Behnam Nabavizadeh
    • 1
  • Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Pediatric Urology and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, Children’s Medical Center, Pediatric Center of ExcellenceTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Physical Therapy, Children’s Medical Center, Pediatric Center of ExcellenceTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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