Current Urology Reports

, 20:4 | Cite as

Renal Medullary Carcinoma: a Report of the Current Literature

  • Leandro Blas
  • Javier RobertiEmail author
  • Jorgelina Petroni
  • Liliana Reniero
  • Federico Cicora
Kidney Diseases (G Ciancio, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Kidney Diseases


Purpose of the Review

We present an updated report of renal medullary carcinoma (RMC), a rare and aggressive condition.

Recent Findings

There is a majority of male patients, of African descent, in the second or third decade of life. In differential diagnosis, other tumors, such as malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT), vinculin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (VCL-ALK) translocation renal cell carcinoma, and collecting duct carcinoma, may present difficulties. Abnormalities of tumor suppressor gene SMARCB1 have been found in RMC. Reported symptoms were hematuria, pain, weight loss, respiratory distress, palpable mass, cough, and fever. Most patients present with metastases at diagnosis. There is no definite recommended treatment, and protocols are extrapolated from other malignancies, with nephrectomy and systemic therapies being most frequently used. Response to treatment and prognosis remain very poor.


RMC is a rare and aggressive tumor. Definitive diagnosis requires histological assessment and the presence of sickle-cell hemoglobinopathies.


Renal medullary carcinoma Kidney cancer Sickle cell 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Leandro Blas, Javier Roberti, Jorgelina Petroni, Liliana Reniero, and Federico Cicora each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leandro Blas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Javier Roberti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jorgelina Petroni
    • 1
  • Liliana Reniero
    • 1
  • Federico Cicora
    • 1
  1. 1.FINAER (Foundation for Research and Assistance in Kidney Disease)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Urology DepartmentHospital AlemánBuenos AiresArgentina

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