Current Urology Reports

, 19:62 | Cite as

Gender-Affirming Surgery: Current Concepts

  • Shu Pan
  • Stanton C. HonigEmail author
Andrology and Infertility (L Lipshultz, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Andrology and Infertility


Gender-affirming surgeries (GASs), previously known as gender reassignment surgeries, are surgical procedures born from plastic and reconstructive surgery, colorectal surgery, urology, and gynecology. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for the care of transgender patients. The urologist plays a vital role, both in the perioperative period and as part of continued care. This publication will review the current concepts of genital GAS as it pertains to the practicing urologist. The most utilized surgical techniques will be described along with their notable complications and management options.


Gender-affirming surgery Gender dysphoria Vaginoplasty Phalloplasty Transsexual Genitourinary reconstruction 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Shu Pan and Stanton C. Honig each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New HavenUSA
  2. 2.Clinical Lead, Gender Affirming Surgery ProgramDepartment of Urology, Yale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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