Interactions of Sleep and Female Sexual Function: a Review
Purpose of Review
Sleep disturbance and sexual function complaints are common in women, particularly during midlife. The current review describes the literature on associations between sleep and sexual function in women with a focus on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), insomnia, and other self-reported sleep complaints.
Multiple studies demonstrate associations between OSA and sexual problems in both pre- and postmenopausal women. Recent studies show decreased sexual function associated with shorter sleep durations and insomnia in postmenopausal women, as well as with daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, and insomnia in premenopausal women.
An association exists between sleep disturbance and sexual dysfunction in women, which may indicate a direct interaction between these common complaints. However, equally or perhaps more important, are the independent determinants that influence both sleep and sexual function in women, such as obesity, mental health problems, and hormonal changes. Derangements in these factors have the potential to impact both sleep and sexual function.
KeywordsSleep disturbance Female sexual dysfunction Menopause Obstructive sleep apnea Hormones
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Juliana M. Kling and Ekta Kapoor each declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Stephanie Faubion is a consultant for Mithra Pharmaceuticals and Procter and Gamble.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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