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Diagnostic Imaging of Inflammatory Myopathies: New Concepts and a Radiological Approach

  • Júlio Brandão GuimarãesEmail author
  • Marcelo A. Nico
  • Alípio G. Omond
  • Laís Uyeda Aivazoglou
  • Rafael Baches Jorge
  • Edmar Zanoteli
  • Artur R. C. Fernandes
Imaging (D Mintz, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Imaging

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review article is to highlight the current role of diagnostic imaging in the assessment of inflammatory myopathies.

Recent Findings

Recent research demonstrates that imaging plays an important role in evaluating patients with symptoms of an inflammatory myopathy. In general, MRI is the pivotal imaging modality for assessing inflammatory myopathies, revealing precise anatomic details because of changes in the signal intensity of the muscles. Whole-body MR imaging has become increasingly important over the last several years. US is also a valuable imaging modality for scanning muscles.

Summary

Together with the clinical history, familiarity with the imaging features of inflammatory myopathies is essential for formulating an accurate diagnosis.

Keywords

Inflammatory myopathy Magnetic resonance imaging Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging Ultrasound 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Júlio Brandão Guimarães
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Marcelo A. Nico
    • 1
    • 4
  • Alípio G. Omond
    • 1
  • Laís Uyeda Aivazoglou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rafael Baches Jorge
    • 1
    • 4
  • Edmar Zanoteli
    • 5
  • Artur R. C. Fernandes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Grupo OsteomuscularFleury Medicina e SaúdeSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Escola Paulista de MedicinaFederal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP)São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Radiology and Biomedical ImagingUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Division of Musculoskeletal, Department of RadiologySanta Casa de Misericórdia de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyFaculdade de Medicina (FMUSP), Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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