Radiologic Manifestations of Musculoskeletal Sarcoidosis

  • Júlio Brandão GuimarãesEmail author
  • Marcelo A. Nico
  • Alípio G. Omond
  • Flávio D. Silva
  • Laís Uyeda Aivazoglou
  • Bruno C. Carneiro
  • Artur R. C. Fernandes
Imaging (D Mintz, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Imaging


Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review article is to present the spectrum of abnormalities and multi-modality imaging evaluations in patients with musculoskeletal sarcoidosis.

Recent Findings

The articular manifestations of sarcoidosis are difficult to distinguish from those of the other inflammatory and degenerative arthropathies, and the muscular lesions in sarcoidosis are generally clinically silent and therefore often missed. Magnetic resonance imaging has shown these manifestations to be very common in active sarcoidosis, and should thus be included in the screening if musculoskeletal sarcoidosis is suspected.


The clinician should consider magnetic resonance imaging for the evaluation of patients with sarcoidosis who have unexplained osteoarticular complaints if standard radiographs are negative. Furthermore, radiologists should include sarcoidosis in the differential diagnosis of musculoskeletal disease detected at magnetic resonance imaging in the appropriate clinical setting.


Sarcoidosis Magnetic resonance imaging Bony sarcoidosis Sarcoidal arthropathy Sarcoidal myopathy 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Júlio Brandão Guimarães
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Marcelo A. Nico
    • 1
  • Alípio G. Omond
    • 1
  • Flávio D. Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Laís Uyeda Aivazoglou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bruno C. Carneiro
    • 1
  • Artur R. C. Fernandes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Grupo OsteomuscularFleury Medicina e SaúdeSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Escola Paulista de MedicinaFederal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP)São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Radiology and Biomedical ImagingUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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