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Intern Mental Health Interventions

  • Sarah Bommarito
  • Matthew HughesEmail author
Complex Medical-Psychiatric Issues (MB Riba, Section Editor)
  • 45 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Complex Medical-Psychiatric Issues

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Intern year is a uniquely stressful transition with interns facing higher rates of major depression compared with the general population. While burnout and depression during intern year are well documented, we aimed to examine which interventions have been implemented to prevent these issues and to consider the effectiveness of these interventions.

Recent Findings

Based on a review of recent literature, we located very few studies focusing on interventions for resident mental health and even fewer focusing on interns specifically. We found that such studies vary in design with most using online or app-based tools and others incorporating in-person workshops. There is significant variation among the scales used and the primary outcomes in each study.

Summary

While most studies demonstrate a modest reduction in depression and burnout with implementation of some form of mindfulness practice, many were unable to reach a significant level of statistical power. More research is needed to determine generalizable findings.

Keywords

Intern Burnout Wellness Intervention Physician mental health 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The editors would like to thank Dr. Marcia Morris for taking the time to review this manuscript.

Compliance With Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Sarah Bommarito and Matthew Hughes each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryMichigan MedicineAnn ArborUSA

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