Maternal Sleep in Pregnancy and Postpartum Part II: Biomechanisms and Intervention Strategies
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Purpose of Review
As described in Part I of this two-part review, maternal sleep has wide-ranging implications for maternal health and overall family functioning. In addition, poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep are highly prevalent and characterized by considerable racial disparities.
Part II of this review discusses physiological mechanisms, including inflammation and appetite hormones, by which sleep impacts multiple facets of women’s health during pregnancy and postpartum. These mechanisms are increasingly being delineated, but require further study and better integration with studies of behavioral and physical health outcomes. Further, there are multiple potential strategies for improving maternal sleep, providing the opportunity to tailor treatment approaches to individual needs.
Ultimately, as a critical health behavior that is amenable to intervention, sleep provides a promising future direction for measurably impacting clinically relevant health parameters in women of childbearing age.
KeywordsSleep Perinatal Inflammation Cellular aging Intervention Cognitive-behavioral therapy Nutrition Exercise Infant Maternal
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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