Maternal Sleep in Pregnancy and Postpartum Part II: Biomechanisms and Intervention Strategies

  • Judith E. CarrollEmail author
  • Douglas M. Teti
  • Martica H. Hall
  • Lisa M. Christian
Reproductive Psychiatry and Women's Health (CN Epperson and L Hantsoo, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Reproductive Psychiatry and Women's Health


Purpose of Review

As described in Part I of this two-part review, maternal sleep has wide-ranging implications for maternal health and overall family functioning. In addition, poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep are highly prevalent and characterized by considerable racial disparities.

Recent Findings

Part II of this review discusses physiological mechanisms, including inflammation and appetite hormones, by which sleep impacts multiple facets of women’s health during pregnancy and postpartum. These mechanisms are increasingly being delineated, but require further study and better integration with studies of behavioral and physical health outcomes. Further, there are multiple potential strategies for improving maternal sleep, providing the opportunity to tailor treatment approaches to individual needs.


Ultimately, as a critical health behavior that is amenable to intervention, sleep provides a promising future direction for measurably impacting clinically relevant health parameters in women of childbearing age.


Sleep Perinatal Inflammation Cellular aging Intervention Cognitive-behavioral therapy Nutrition Exercise Infant Maternal 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Judith E. Carroll
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Douglas M. Teti
    • 3
  • Martica H. Hall
    • 4
  • Lisa M. Christian
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesUniversity of California – Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Cousins Center for PsychoneuroimmunologyUCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human BehaviorLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryThe University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  5. 5.Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral HealthThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA
  6. 6.The Institute for Behavioral Medicine ResearchThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA

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