Qigong or Tai Chi in Cancer Care: an Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Yingchun ZengEmail author
  • Xiaohua Xie
  • Andy S. K. Cheng
Integrative Care (C Lammersfeld, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Integrative Care


Purpose of Review

Qigong and Tai Chi are two increasingly popular mind-body interventions with the potential to address the multifaceted needs of cancer survivors. The aim of this updated review and meta-analysis was to quantitatively evaluate the treatment effects of Qigong/Tai Chi on cancer survivors since 2014.

Recent Findings

There were statistically significant and clinically meaningful effects in favor of Qigong/Tai Chi interventions for symptoms of fatigue and sleep quality. There were positive trends, but not statistically significant effects, observed for anxiety, stress, depressive symptoms, and overall quality of life (QOL). Cancer-related cognitive impairment is a common complaint among cancer survivors that has received increasing attention in this area in recent years.


Qigong/Tai Chi in cancer care shows great promise with short-term effects in treating many cancer-related symptoms. Further methodologically sound trials with longer follow-up periods and more active control conditions are required, before definitive conclusions can be recommended for cancer patients.


Integrative oncology Qigong Tai Chi Fatigue Sleep Anxiety Stress Depression Cognitive function Quality of life (QOL) 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Yingchun Zeng, Xiaohua Xie, and Andy S.K. Cheng declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yingchun Zeng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaohua Xie
    • 2
  • Andy S. K. Cheng
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute of Gynecology and ObstetricsThe Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Nursing, The Second People’s Hospital of ShenzhenThe First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation SciencesThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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