Movement Disorders in Metabolic Disorders
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Purpose of Review
We provide a review of the movement disorders that complicate selected metabolic disorders, including the abnormal movements that may appear during or after their treatment.
Movement disorders may be underrecognized when arising in the context of a broad range of metabolic disorders.
Abnormal movements may occur as the initial manifestation of a systemic disease, at any time during its course, or as a result of the medical interventions required for its management. Ascertaining movement phenomenology in acute and subacute presentations may assist in the determination of the specific underlying metabolic disorder. The management of movement disorders associated with metabolic disorders depends on the underlying pathophysiology.
KeywordsMovement disorders Abnormal movements Metabolic disorders Electrolytes Internal medicine
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Orlando Barsottini and José Luiz Pedroso each declare no potential conflicts of interest. Alberto Espay has received grant support from the NIH, Great Lakes Neurotechnologies, and the Michael J Fox Foundation; personal compensation as a consultant/scientific advisory board member for Abbvie, TEVA, Impax, Acadia, Acorda, Cynapsus/Sunovion, Lundbeck, and USWorldMeds; publishing royalties from Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Cambridge University Press, and Springer; and honoraria from Abbvie, UCB, USWorldMeds, Lundbeck, Acadia, the American Academy of Neurology, and the Movement Disorders Society.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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