A Practice in Maturation: Current Perspectives on the Transition from Pediatric to Adult Care for Young Adults with Diabetes
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Purpose of Review
This review of available literature and resources highlights the challenges in transition from pediatric to adult care for young adults with diabetes, summarizes practical recommendations for facilitating the process, and identifies areas for improvement in current transition practice.
Observational studies highlight suboptimal transition preparation counseling, gaps between pediatric and adult care, and increased post-transition hemoglobin A1c and acute care utilization. Studies showing improved outcomes with later age at transition allows for an extended focus on transition preparation with an eye toward developmental maturity. Interventional studies suggest varying benefits of transition coordinators and support programs.
The period of transition from pediatric to adult care is a time of in which patients are at high risk for adverse outcomes and loss to follow-up; however, careful attention to planning the process and tracking patient readiness along with skilled care coordination can contribute to transition success. The durability of interventional models, as well as generalizability to varied clinical settings, must be further tested.
KeywordsDiabetes Transition of care Young adult Emerging adult
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Courtney N. Sandler and Katharine C. Garvey declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
All studies performed with Dr. Garvey as the author involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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