Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management in Non-Hispanic Black Men: a Current State of the Literature
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Purpose of Review
This article discusses the state of type 2 diabetes (T2D) self-management research on non-Hispanic Black men with a focus on their knowledge of diabetes, factors that impact T2D self-management and intervention research that specifically targets non-Hispanic Black men with T2D.
Studies on T2D knowledge and barriers and facilitators to T2D self-management in non-Hispanic Black men are limited to small qualitative focus group and in-depth interviews. To date, few T2D interventions for non-Hispanic Black men have been developed and tested.
Research shows that non-Hispanic Black men’s knowledge of T2D may be less than optimal compared to non-Hispanic white men. Factors that influence T2D self-management in non-Hispanic Black men include gender-related values and beliefs, and a range of other psychosocial (e.g., social support) and structural (e.g., access to health care) factors. Interventions with gender-specific programming may show promise. More studies with larger sample sizes and longitudinal designs are needed to develop programming to effectively target this at-risk population.
KeywordsType 2 diabetes Gender Self-management Men’s health Interventions Race
Compliance with Ethical Standard
Conflict of Interest
Jaclynn M. Hawkins declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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