Current Diabetes Reports

, 18:99 | Cite as

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes with Home Cooking: Current Evidence and Future Potential

  • Rani PolakEmail author
  • Amir Tirosh
  • Barbara Livingston
  • David Pober
  • James E. EubanksJr
  • Julie K. Silver
  • Kaya Minezaki
  • Roni Loten
  • Edward M. Phillips
Lifestyle Management to Reduce Diabetes/Cardiovascular Risk (B Conway and H Keenan, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Diabetes/Cardiovascular Risk


Purpose of Review

Various dietary regimes have proven effective in preventing diabetes, yet its prevalence is growing. This review’s goals are to examine the relationship between home cooking and diabetes and to present the literature on home cooking education programs as a novel strategy to improve adherence to healthy nutrition, thus decreasing the risk of diabetes.

Recent Findings

Consumption of home-cooked food is linked to healthier nutrition and decreased risk of diabetes. Further, home cooking interventions have a short-term positive impact on nutritional intake of both children and adults, and on diabetes prevention. Well-designed randomized controlled studies are needed to rigorously evaluate the long-term impact of home cooking interventions on cooking behavior, dietary intake, diabetes, and healthcare costs.


Culinary education is an emerging field that aims to change nutrition education paradigms. Clinicians can empower patients to adopt home cooking by role modeling home cooking themselves, including home cooking content in their medical encounters, and through comprehensive lifestyle medicine interventions.


Home cooking Culinary medicine Type 2 diabetes mellitus Nutrition 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Amir Tirosh, Barbara Livingston, David Pober, James E. Eubanks, Jr., Julie Silver, Kaya Minezaki, and Roni Loten declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rani Polak reports royalties from Penn Publication, a grant to his institution from Vela Foundation, and his institution receives payment from CHEF Coaching—a medical education training in home cooking.

Edward M. Philips reports he provides training in CHEF Coaching (teaching clinicians how to best assist patients to adopt home cooking) through a non-profit entity (The Institute of Lifestyle Medicine at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School).

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rani Polak
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Amir Tirosh
    • 3
  • Barbara Livingston
    • 4
  • David Pober
    • 5
  • James E. EubanksJr
    • 6
  • Julie K. Silver
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  • Kaya Minezaki
    • 10
  • Roni Loten
    • 11
    • 12
  • Edward M. Phillips
    • 1
    • 8
    • 9
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical SchoolInstitute of Lifestyle Medicine, Spaulding Rehabilitation HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Lifestyle Medicine CenterSheba Medical CenterTel HashomerIsrael
  3. 3.Endocrinology InstituteSheba Medical CenterTel HashomerIsrael
  4. 4.NatickUSA
  5. 5.Department of Medicine, Joslin Diabetes CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC)PittsburghUSA
  7. 7.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical SchoolSpaulding Rehabilitation HospitalBostonUSA
  8. 8.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  9. 9.Brigham and Women’s HospitalsBostonUSA
  10. 10.School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  11. 11.The Institute of Biochemistry, Food and Nutrition Science; The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and the EnvironmentThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  12. 12.The Joseph Sagol Neuroscience Center Tel HashomerTel HashomerIsrael
  13. 13.VA Boston Healthcare SystemBostonUSA

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