MitraClip: How Do We Reconcile the Inconsistent Findings of MITRA-FR and COAPT?
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Purpose of Review
Secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common valvular disorder in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and is associated with worse morbidity and mortality. New data on percutaneous mitral valve (MV) repair suggest that targeting the valve itself may improve outcomes. Our objective is to review two recent trials (MITRA-FR and COAPT) with regard to percutaneous MV repair. We will dive into their methodology and results and propose potential explanations for their divergent outcomes.
MITRA-FR and COAPT studied the MitraClip plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) versus GDMT alone in patients with secondary MR. COAPT found an overwhelming benefit in reduction in HF hospitalization and mortality whereas MITRA-FR found no difference between treatment groups. Patient selection, differences in procedural outcomes, and smaller LV dimensions may explain these diametrically opposed results.
Secondary MR is a common valvular disorder with complex pathophysiology. There are certain patients who will not benefit from percutaneous MV repair. The results of MITRA-FR and COAPT suggest that percutaneous MV repair may benefit carefully selected individuals with secondary MR on maximum tolerated doses of GDMT.
KeywordsMitral regurgitation Transcatheter repair COAPT MITRA-FR
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Rina Mauricio and Dharam J. Kumbhani declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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