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Current Cardiology Reports

, 21:137 | Cite as

Cardiovascular Consequences of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

  • Brynn K. DredlaEmail author
  • Pablo R. Castillo
Stroke (JF Meschia, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Stroke

Abstract

Purpose of Review

To review the clinical evidence for a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension, arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure.

Recent Findings

Current data show that obstructive sleep apnea is a risk for cardiovascular disease. Studies have linked untreated moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea to hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure. However, uncertainty regarding benefits of treatment of obstructive sleep apnea to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease still exists. The issue of poor compliance has been an on-going limitation of CPAP trials.

Summary

Evidence shows obstructive sleep apnea is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease but trials have yet to clarify if cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality decreases with treatment of the apnea. Future treatment trials are needed to address the question of whether treatment decreases cardiovascular risk in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Keywords

Sleep apnea Cardiovascular disease Hypertension Obstructive sleep Apnea Arrhythmia Congestive heart failure 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Brynn K. Dredla and Pablo R. Castillo declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA

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