Tricuspid and Pulmonic Valve Pathology
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Purpose of Review
This review describes the normal structure and pathologic changes that affect the right-sided cardiac valves and chambers.
The anatomy and pathology described have been known for many years. Knowledge of these findings has gained relevance. The pattern of endocarditis is changing. New diagnostic techniques have allowed better characterization of lesions responsible for cardiac dysfunction. Novel, less invasive interventions have made recognition of abnormalities more clinically relevant.
There are many different pathologic entities that can affect the right-sided cardiac valves. These are discussed in this review.
KeywordsTricuspid valve Pulmonic valve Carcinoid valve disease Regurgitation Stenosis Intravenous drug use Endocarditis Congenital heart disease
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Gregory A. Fishbein and Michael C. Fishbein declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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