Agriculture Occupational Exposures and Factors Affecting Health Effects
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Purpose of Review
Agriculture environments contain a variety of inflammatory aerosols that may increase risk for lung inflammation and disease in exposed individuals. In addition, epidemiological studies have also identified protective effects of rural environments and farming exposures.
In this review, we will discuss recent literature published since 2016 that investigates the impact of differing agricultural exposures on respiratory health.
Discussions include the impact of farming modernization, education, and personal protective equipment usage among workers, timing and duration in mediating lung health outcomes, and population studies investigating the association between exposure and risk for numerous lung diseases.
KeywordsAgriculture Work exposure Health effects Factors affecting
Dr. Nordgren’s research is supported by NIEHS (R00ES025819). Dr. Charavaryamath’s research is funded through a startup grant from Iowa State University and CDC-NIOSH pilot grant (5 U54 OH007548).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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