Inferring air pollution from air quality index by different geographical areas: case study in India

  • Rohit Sharma
  • Raghvendra Kumar
  • Devendra Kumar Sharma
  • Le Hoang Son
  • Ishaani Priyadarshini
  • Binh Thai Pham
  • Dieu Tien BuiEmail author
  • Sakshi Rai


India is one of the most polluted countries in the world, where several major cities are facing serious environmental consequences as a result of rapid pollution growth. The objective of this research is to analyze air pollution trends with respect to various geographical locations, in order to have a global view of the damage caused, so that appropriate actions can be developed in the future to prevent air pollution. In this regard, the polluted database was established based on the data provided by the Central Pollution Control Board; Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (India). These data demonstrate the annual growth of SO2, NOx, and particulate matter (PM) 2.5 from 2015 to 2018 and were recorded at various monitoring stations in three cities, namely, Delhi, Bengaluru, and Chennai. The results show that SO2, NOx, and PM 2.5 were from different transport modes, both small or large-scale power generations (from diesel, coal and gas plant), industries, constructions, and domestic cooking. Overall, there was an increasing trend, day by day, in India. The result categorized the considered areas into the following four classes: critically polluted (CP), highly polluted (HP), moderately polluted (MP), and low polluted (LP). The results will assist in the assessment of pollution for the cities investigated in this research.


Air pollution Air pollutants Environmental health Exceedance factor Data analysis 



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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyGhaziabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringLNCT CollegeBhopalIndia
  3. 3.VNU Information Technology InstituteVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.University of DelawareNewarkUSA
  5. 5.Institute of Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDa NangVietnam
  6. 6.Geographic Information Science Research GroupTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  7. 7.Faculty of Environment and Labour SafetyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  8. 8.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringLNCT UniversityBhopalIndia

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