A method for solving ill-posed nonlocal problem for the elliptic equation with data on the whole boundary
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In this paper a nonlocal problem for the elliptic equation in a cylindrical domain is considered. It is shown that this problem is ill-posed as well as the Cauchy problem for the Laplace equation. The method of spectral expansion in eigenfunctions of the nonlocal problem for equations with involution establishes a criterion of the strong solvability of the considered nonlocal problem. It is shown that the ill-posedness of the nonlocal problem is equivalent to the existence of an isolated point of the continuous spectrum for a nonself-adjoint operator with involution.