Advertisement

Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 717–726 | Cite as

A methodological framework for reconstructing historical delta front morphology: case study at Macquarie rivulet delta within Lake Illawarra, Australia

  • Junjie DengEmail author
  • Qiangsheng Yao
  • Brian G. Jones
  • Kerrylee Rogers
  • Colin D. Woodroffe
  • Jan Harff
Article

Abstract

Reconstructing past delta front morphology is a challenging task, due to complex morphological formation processes. We have developed a methodological framework to reconstruct the delta front morphology by integrating the information from historical shorelines, spatial distribution of depositional environments, relative sea-level changes and a modern Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The delta front morphology was reconstructed based on spatial connections between mud basin morphology, subaerial DEM and the historical shoreline. In addition, available sedimentation data at the delta front was utilized to aid in reflecting complex morphological formation processes. Taking Macquarie Rivulet delta within Lake IlIawarra, Australia, as an example, we generated the historical delta morphology for 1892. The modelled sedimentation rate appears to be consistent with the measured ones. We have also applied this method to reconstruct the historical morphology in 1938 and 1981. The model results indicate a progressive infilling influenced by switching river mouth locations. The cautions and implications of this method are also discussed. An increased resolution of sedimentation data should be able to improve the accuracy of the model. The reconstructed morphologies, elucidating fundamental information about delta evolution and sediment mass volumes in the past, can be employed in management activities.

Keywords

Morphological reconstruction Sediment mass volume Delta front Historical shoreline 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by ARC Linkage project LP130101025 “Responses of estuaries to climate change: investigating their role as sediment sinks”, in collaboration with the Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW), the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation and Shoalhaven City and Bega Valley Shire Councils. The research project funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Grant No. 41806100) is also acknowledged. We also thank the comments by the anonymous reviewers and the editors.

References

  1. Al-Nasrawi, A. K. M., Jones, B. G., and Hamylton, S., 2016. GIS-based modelling of vulnerability of coastal wetland ecosystems to human modifications during sea level rise and eco-geomorphic sustainability: a case study from Comerong Island, southeastern Australia. J Coast Res Spec Issue, 75, 33–37Google Scholar
  2. Ashton, A.D., Murray, A.B., 2006. High-angle wave instability and emergent shoreline shapes: 1. Modeling of sand waves, flying spits, and capes. J Geophys Res Earth Surf 111, 1–19.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JF000422
  3. Barnes RJ (1991) The variogram sill and the sample variance. Math Geol 23:673–678.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02065813 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blum MD, Roberts HH (2012) The Mississippi delta region: past, present, and future. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 40:655–683.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-042711-105248 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bruun P (1988) The Bruun rule of erosion by sea-level rise: a discussion on large-scale two-and three-dimensional usages. J Coast Res 4:627–648.  https://doi.org/10.2307/4297466 Google Scholar
  6. Chenhall BE, Yassini I, Depers AM, Caitcheon G, Jones BG, Batley GE, Ohmsen GS (1995) Anthropogenic marker evidence for accelerated sedimentation in Lake Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia. Environ Geol 26:124–135.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00768326 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Davis JC (2002) Statistics and Data Analysis in Geology. John C. Davis. In: Statistics and data analysis in geology, 3rd edn. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York.  https://doi.org/10.1086/628074 Google Scholar
  8. Dean RG (1991) Equilibrium beach profiles : characteristics and applications. J Coast Res 7:53–84.  https://doi.org/10.2307/4297805 Google Scholar
  9. Deng J, Zhang W, Harff J, Schneider R, Dudzinska-Nowak J, Terefenko P, Giza A, Furmanczyk K (2014) A numerical approach for approximating the historical morphology of wave-dominated coasts - a case study of the Pomeranian bight, southern Baltic Sea. Geomorphology 204:425–443.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.08.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Deng J, Harff J, Li Y, Zhao Y, Zhang H (2016) Morphodynamics at the coastal zone in the Laizhou Bay, Bohai Sea. J Coast Res 74:59–69.  https://doi.org/10.2112/SI74-006.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Deng J, Jones BG, Rogers K, Woodroffe CD (2018) Wind influence on the orientation of estuarine landforms: an example from Lake Illawarra in southeastern Australia. Earth Surf Process Landf 43:2915–2925.  https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4459 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dickson ME, Walkden MJA, Hall JW (2007) Systemic impacts of climate change on an eroding coastal region over the twenty-first century. Clim Chang 84:141–166.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-006-9200-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Edmonds DA (2012) Restoration sedimentology. Nat Geosci 5:758–759.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1620 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Giosan L, Syvitski J, Constantinescu S, Day J (2014) Climate change: protect the world’s deltas. Nature 516:31–33.  https://doi.org/10.1038/516031a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hamylton SM, Al-Nasrawi AKM, Jones BG, Hopley CA, Al Yazichi YM (2018) Geoinformatics vulnerability predictions of coastal ecosystems to sea-level rise in southeastern Australia. Geomatics, Nat Hazards Risk 9:645–661.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2018.1470112 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hanslow DJ, Dela-Cruz J, Morris BD, Kinsela MA, Foulsham E, Linklater M, Pritchard TR (2016) Regional scale coastal mapping to underpin strategic land use planning in Southeast Australia. J Coast Res 75:987–991.  https://doi.org/10.2112/SI75-198.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harff, J., Meyer, M., 2011. Coastlines of the Baltic Sea – zones of competition between geological processes and a changing climate: examples from the southern Baltic, in: the Baltic Sea basin. pp. 149–164.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17220-5
  18. Hopley CA (2013) Autocyclic, allocyclic and anthropogenic impacts on holocene delta evolution and future management implications. Macquarie Rivulet and Mullet / Hooka Creek , Lake Illawarra , New South Wales. University of Wollongong, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  19. Hopley CA, Jones BG, Puotinen M (2007) Assessing the recent (1834-2002) morphological evolution of a rapidly prograding delta within a GIS framework: Macquarie rivulet delta, Lake Illawarra, New South Wales. Aust J Earth Sci 54:1047–1056.  https://doi.org/10.1080/08120090701615709 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IPCC, 2013. The physical science basis. Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, Climate Change  https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.005
  21. Kumbier K, Carvalho RC, Vafeidis AT, Woodroffe CD (2019) Comparing static and dynamic flood models in estuarine environments: a case study from south-East Australia. Mar Freshw Res.  https://doi.org/10.1071/MF18239
  22. Liu Y, Yang G, Hu L, Yao Z, Shi X, Liu S, Zhou L, Qiao S, Hu B, Wang G (2017) Sediment accumulation and budget in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Mar Geol 390:270–281.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2017.06.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Olea RA (1991) Geostatistical glossary and multilingual dictionary, International Association for Mathematical Geology Series. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  24. Paola C, Twilley RR, Edmonds DA, Kim W, Mohrig D, Parker G, Viparelli E, Voller VR (2011) Natural processes in delta restoration: application to the Mississippi Delta. Annu Rev Mar Sci 3:67–91.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-120709-142856 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roy PS (1984) New south wales estuaries: their origin and evolution. In: Thom BG (ed) Coastal geomorphology in Australia. Academic Press, p 349Google Scholar
  26. Roy PS, Williams RJ, Jones AR, Yassini I, Gibbs PJ, Coates B, West RJ, Scanes PR, Hudson JP, Nichol S (2001) Structure and function of south-east Australian estuaries. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 53:351–384.  https://doi.org/10.1006/ecss.2001.0796 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shapiro A, Botha JD (1991) Variogram fitting with a general class of conditionally nonnegative definite functions. Comput Stat Data Anal 11:87–96.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-9473(91)90055-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sloss CR, Jones BG, Murray-Wallace CV, McClennen CE (2005) Holocene Sea level fluctuations and the sedimentary evolution of a barrier estuary: Lake Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia. J Coast Res 215:943–959.  https://doi.org/10.2112/03-0110.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sloss CR, Jones BG, Brooke BP, Heijnis H, Murray-Wallace CV (2011) Contrasting sedimentation rates in Lake Illawarra and St Georges basin, two large barrier estuaries on the southeast coast of Australia. J Paleolimnol 46:561–577.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-011-9507-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Syvitski JPM, Kettner A (2011) Sediment flux and the anthropocene. Philos Trans R Soc A Math Phys Eng Sci 369:957–975.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2010.0329 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Troedson, A.L., Hashimoto, T.R., Colquhoun, G.P., Ballard, J.C., 2015. Coastal quaternary geology data package for NSW [digital dataset]Google Scholar
  32. Vitousek S, Barnard PL, Limber P, Erikson L, Cole B (2017) A model integrating longshore and cross-shore processes for predicting long-term shoreline response to climate change. J Geophys Res Earth Surf 122:782–806.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JF004065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Webster R, Oliver MA (2008) Geostatistics for environmental scientists: second edition.  https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470517277 Google Scholar
  34. Wei X, Wu C, Ni P, Mo W (2016) Holocene delta evolution and sediment flux of the Pearl River, southern China. J Quat Sci 31:484–494.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.2873 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Woodroffe CD, Cowell PJ, Callaghan DP, Ranasinghe R, Jongejan R, Wainwright DJ, Barry SJ, Rogers K, Dougherty AJ (2012) Approaches to risk assessment on Australian coasts: a model framework for assessing risk and adaptation to climate change on Australian coasts. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold CoastGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang W, Harff J, Schneider R, Wu C (2010) Development of a modelling methodology for simulation of long-term morphological evolution of the southern Baltic coast. Ocean Dyn 60:1085–1114.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-010-0311-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Marine SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai)ZhuhaiChina
  3. 3.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  4. 4.Institute of Coastal and Marine SciencesUniversity of SzczecinSzczecinPoland

Personalised recommendations