Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 149–162 | Cite as

An integrated coastal zone observatory at municipal level: the case of Kavala Municipality, NE Greece

  • V. Kalpakis
  • N. Kokkos
  • V. Pisinaras
  • G. SylaiosEmail author


The Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Observatory of Kavala Municipality has been developed during the Mare Nostrum Project following the well-known DPSIR concept (Drivers, Pressures, States, Impacts and Responses). The Observatory aims to aid the day-to-day operations of the Municipality, collecting, analyzing and processing historic, present and forecasted environmental, socio-economic and legal-institutional ICZM datasets collected from a variety of sources. Data are presented in a series of well-structured layers imported in a Geographic Information System (GIS) web-environment, to aid decision-makers at Municipal, Regional and National level to formulate policies on ICZM matters; to provide reliable datasets to scientists and engineers; to engage active citizens and the broader public into coastal zone issues; to promote the distribution of information among coastal managers, stakeholders and the general public. Static datasets as topographic, bathymetric, geologic and other base maps, urban and rural planning maps, local municipal acts, public networks and locations of public interest were digitized and embedded in the system. Historic environmental data together with dynamic data produced daily by a series of coupled operational models (meteorological, hydrologic, hydrodynamic, wave and eutrophication) and climate change datasets were also included. The legal-institutional framework of the coastline and the interactive tools to enhance public participation represent novel elements of the herein presented ICZM Observatory. The Kavala Gulf mussel farmers, the local Port Authority and the decision-makers on siting hydroplane landing-zones are the main user groups of the ICZM Observatory.


ICZM Observatory Coastal management and planning Web-GIS Operational numerical models Public participation Kavala Municipality 



The research presented in this paper has been co-funded by the European Union and Greek National Funds through the ENPI CBC-Mediterranean Sea Basin Strategic Project entitled “MARE NOSTRUM – Bridging the Implementation Gap: Facilitating cross-border ICZM implementation by lowering legal-institutional barriers in the MSB” (Grant Agreement I-A/1.3/093).


  1. Alterman R, Carmon D, Pellach C, Boral R, Teschner N, Lalenis K, Sylaios G et al (2016) Bridging the legal institutional gap in the Mediterranean coastline management. Mare Nostrum Project Final Report, 175 p., available online by December 2016
  2. Anastasiou S, Sylaios G (2013) Nearshore wave field simulation at the lee of a large island. Ocean Eng 74:61–71. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anastasiou S, Sylaios G (2016) Assessment of shoreline changes and evaluation of coastal protection methods to mitigate Erosion. Coast Eng J 58(2):1650006-1–1650006-24. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bianchi CN, Morri C (2000) Marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: situation, problems and prospects for future research. Mar Pollut Bull 40(5):367–376. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bolaños R, Jorda G, Cateura J, Lopez J, de Fabregas PJ, Gomez J, Espino M (2009) The XIOM: 20 years of regional coastal observatory in the Spanish Catalan coast. J Mar Syst 77:237–260. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Booij N, Ris RC, Holthuijsen LH (1999) A third-generation wave model for coastal regions. 1. Model description and validation. J Geophys Res C104:7649–7666. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. EEA - European Environmental Agency (2006) Priority issues in the Mediterranean environment, ISBN 92–9167–812-0, 88 p. downloaded on 22 October 2016, available online at:
  8. Garcia-Aguilar O, Merino M, González-Riancho P, Sanò M, Medina R (2013) A nested governance system for ICZM in Egypt. In Proc of 3rd global congress on ICM: lessons learned to address new challenges. Med Coastal Foundation, Marmaris, p 93–104Google Scholar
  9. Hodges B, Dallimore C (2001) Estuary and lake computer model: ELCOM science manual code version 2.0.0. Technical Report, Cent Water Res, Univ Western Australia, PerthGoogle Scholar
  10. Hurley PJ, Physick WL, Luhar AK (2005) TAPM: a practical approach to prognostic meteorological and air pollution modelling. Environ Model Softw 20:737–752. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jeftic L, Bernhard M, Demetropoulous F, Fernex F, Gabrielides GP, Gasparovic F, Halim Y, Orhon D, Saliba LJ (1990) State of the marine environment in the Mediterranean region. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies no 132, MAP technical reports series no 28, Athens, 168 p. downloaded on 11 September 2016, online at:
  12. Lambert D, Mallet M, Ducrocq V, Dulac F, Gheusi F, Kalthoff N (2011) CORSiCA: a Mediterranean atmospheric and oceanographic observatory in Corsica within the framework of HyMeX and ChArMEx. Adv Geosci 26:125–131. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Melidis P, Sylaios G (2017) Assessment of urban pollution footprint in a typical Mediterranean semi-enclosed gulf. Environ Process 4:421–437. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Neitsch SL, Arnold JG, Kiniry JR, Williams JR (2011) Soil and water assessment tool theoretical documentation version 2009. Texas Water Resources Institute, downloaded in September 2016, online at:
  15. Patti B, Martinelli M, Aronica S, Belardinelli A, Penna P, Bonanno A, Basilone G, Fontana I, Giacalone G, Gabriele Gallì N, Sorgente R, Angileri IVM, Croci C, Domenichetti F, Bonura D, Santojanni A, Sparnocchia S, D'Adamo R, Marini M, Fiorentino F, Mazzola S (2016) The fishery and oceanography observing system (FOOS): a tool for oceanography and fisheries science. J Oper Oceanogr 9(sup1):99–118. Google Scholar
  16. Sanò M, Marchand M, Medina R (2010) Coastal setbacks for the Mediterranean: a challenge for ICZM. J Coast Conserv 14:295–301. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sharples J (1999) Investigating the seasonal vertical structure of phytoplankton in shelf seas. Mar Models Online 1:3–38. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Skamarock WC, Klemp JB, Dudhia J, Gill DO, Barker DM, Duda MG, Huang XY, Wang W, Powers JG (2008) A description of the advanced research WRF version 3. NCAR Technical Note, NCAR/TN-475+STR, June 2008, Boulder Colorado, USA, 125 pp. accessed August 2016, online at:
  19. Sparnocchia S, Nair R, Petihakis G, Aydoğdu A, Dobricic S, Farcy P, Martinelli M, Petersen W, Petit de la Villeon L (2016) An interlinked coastal observatory network for Europe. J Oper Oceanogr 9(sup1):193–201. Google Scholar
  20. Sylaios G, Stamatis N, Kallianiotis A, Vidoris P (2005) Monitoring water quality and assessment of land-based nutrient loadings and cycling in Kavala gulf. Water Resour Manag 19:713–735. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sylaios G, Kamidis N, Stamatis N (2012) Assessment of trace metals contamination in the suspended matter and sediments of a semi-enclosed Mediterranean gulf. Soil Sediment Contam Int J 21(6):673–700. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sylaios G, Kamidis N, Anastasiou S, Tsihrintzis VA (2013) Hydrodynamic response of Thassos passage (N. Aegean Sea) to Nestos River discharge and meteorological forcing. Cont Shelf Res 59:37–51. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Würtz M (2010) Mediterranean pelagic habitat: oceanographic and biological processes, an overview. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Malaga, Spain, 90 p. accessed November 2016, online at:

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Technical and Computing ServicesMunicipality of KavalaKavalaGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Ecological Engineering and Technology, Department of Environmental EngineeringDemocritus University of ThraceXanthiGreece

Personalised recommendations