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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 709–720 | Cite as

Sediment dynamics in altata ensenada del pabellón, a coastal lagoon located in the Gulf of California

  • Noel Carbajal
  • Yovani Montaño Ley
  • Federico Páez Osuna
  • María de Jesus Guevara Macías
Article

Abstract

Heavy load sediment transport take place along the eastern coast of the Gulf of California, interacting with several coastal lagoons like Altata Ensenada del Pabellón, one of the most productive ecosystems of México and where the sediment dynamics plays a crucial role in the conservation issue of marine species. Enormous amounts of sediment are found along this coastline teeming with coastal lagoons. A major concern of this investigation was to determine the erosion and accretion areas within the lagoon as well as whether the coastal body of water behaves as exporter or importer of sediment. The effect of tidal currents on the transport of sediment in a shallow coastal environment has been investigated, emphasizing the study of the mechanisms of the geomorphologic development of the sea bottom. The tidal hydrodynamics has been investigated applying the vertically integrated shallow water equations through a modified two dimensional non-linear finite difference model. The results reveal that the coastal lagoon behaves as exporter of sediment to the Gulf of California. The tidal dynamics induces noticeable erosion and accretion processes. Important changes of the order of 0.04 m per year were predicted nearby the inlet. This investigation revealed that the 2D tidal flow is a feasible approach to get a conceptual understanding of sediments dynamics in coastal lagoons.

Keywords

Erosion Numerical model Tides Morphodynamics Sediment transport 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y TecnológicaSan Luis PotosíMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Unidad Académica MazatlánUniversidad Nacional Autónoa de MéxicoMazatlánMexico

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