Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 695–707 | Cite as

Shoreline management plan for a medium energy coast along west coast of India

  • V. NoujasEmail author
  • K. V. Thomas


Studies on coastal hydrodynamics and sediment transport help to unravel the coastal processes and facilitate formulation of shoreline management plans. An integrated approach which includes, extensive field data collection and numerical modelling is lacking along most of the coasts around the world, particularly along Indian coasts. The coastal stretch from Beypore to Puthiyappa, southwest coast of India has been selected for this present investigation. Harbour breakwaters in the northern and southern boundary of the study region have major impacts on shoreline modifications along this sector. In addition, a small harbour and associated breakwaters are located in the middle of the study region. Seawalls, and combination of seawall and smaller groins are constructed at many places as part of coastal protection. Sediment transport along the coast was computed with LITDRIFT model and the results show net northerly drift of 1.5 * 105 m3/year. The model results are comparable with the quantity of beach sediment mined from Puthiyappa beach (approximately of 0.8 * 105 m3/year). In addition, illegal mining is carried out in the region. Further, the model computed the shoreline evolution along the sector and major accumulation occurs south of Puthiyappa breakwater. Sand deposition close to groins and breakwaters along the study region support the model results. No further intervention along this sector is required for shore protection except, the maintenance of the existing protective measures such as seawalls and groins.


Shoreline management plan Sediment drift LITDRIFT Mudbanks 



Authors are expressing our sincere thanks to Dr. N.P Kurian, former Director, NCESS for carry out this work. Authors are very grateful to Dr. R.S Kankara (Scientist F, ICMAM PD) for his valuable suggestion, which helped to improve the contents of the paper. We are expressing our thanks to all project staffs participated for field data collection. The authors wish to acknowledge their profound sense of gratitude to Dr. Sanitha K Sivadas, ICMAM PD for her helpful suggestions. The funding for this work is provided by ICMAM PD, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Chennai.


  1. Baba M, Hameed TSS, Kurian NP, Subaschandran KS (1992) Wave power of Lakshadweep Islands. Final project report. Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, p 178Google Scholar
  2. Black KP, Kurian NP, Mathew J, Baba M (2008) Open coast Monsoonal Beach dynamics. J Coast Res 24(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blott SJ, Pye K (2001) GRADISTAT: a grain size distribution and statistics package for the analysis of unconsolidated sediments. Earth Surf Process Landf 26(11):1237–1248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. DHI (2012) User manual and reference guide for LITPACK and MIKE 21. Danish Hydraulic Institute, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  5. Engelund F, Fredsøe J (1976) A sediment transport model for straight alluvial channels. Nord Hydrol 7:296–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Folk RL, Ward WC (1957) Brazos River bar-a study in the significance of grain size parameters. J Sediment Petrol 27:3–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fredsøe J (1984) The turbulent boundary layer in combined wave current motion. J Hydraul Eng 110(HY8):1103–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fredsøe J, Andersen OH, Silberg S (1985) Distribution of suspended sediment in large waves. J Waterw Port Coast Ocean Eng III(6):1041–1059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. ICMAM PD (2006) Shoreline management plan for Ennore coast (Tamil Nadu). Project report submitted to Ministry of Earth Sciences, Chennai, p 169Google Scholar
  10. Kumar VS, Patahak KC, Pednekar P, Raju NSN, Gowthaman R (2006) Coastal processes along the Indian coastline. Current. Sciences 91(4):530–536Google Scholar
  11. Noujas V, Thomas KV, Sheela Nair L, ShahulHameed TS, Badarees KO, Ajeesh NR (2014) Management of shoreline morphological changes consequent to breakwater construction. Indian journal of geo marine. Sciences 43(1):54–61Google Scholar
  12. Noujas V, Thomas KV, Badarees KO (2016) Shoreline management plan for a mudbank dominated coast. Ocean Eng 112:47–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pethick J, Purvaja R, Ramesh R (2013) Coastal sediment cells: a guide for coastal managers. National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Ministry of Environments and Forests, Chennai, p 20Google Scholar
  14. Sajeev R, Chandramohan P, Josanto V, Sankaranarayanan VN (1997) Studies on sediment transport along Kerala coast, south west coast of India. Indian journal of geo-marine. Sciences 26:11–15Google Scholar
  15. Silas EJ (1984) Mudbanks of Kerala-Karnataka- need for an integrated study. Central marine fisheries res. Institute, cochin, bulletin no. 31Google Scholar
  16. Subramanian, B.R., Kankara, R.S., Rao, S., Shirlal, K.G., Dwarakish, G.S., Subrahmanya, K., (2007a). Management of Tidal inlet along west coast. Project report submitted to Ministry of Earth Sciences (2 volumes), Chennai, Vol.1, pp.155, Vol. 2, pp. 488Google Scholar
  17. Subramanian, B.R., Murty, M.V.R., Kurian N.P., Thomas, K.V., Hameed, T.S.S, Ramachandran, K.K., Nair, L.S.,, Pillai, A.P., Kalaiarasan, P., Rajith, K., Murali, K.B.T., Indulekha, K.P., Sreejith, C., Anil, T., Asha, V., Shamji, V.R., Manjunath, B., Edwin, R., 2007b. Shoreline management plan for Munambam–Kayamkulam sector, south-west coast of India, Final Project Report.CESS, Thiruvananthapuram, pp. 188Google Scholar
  18. Sundar V, Sannasiraj SA (2006) Shore protection works for the coast of Panathura- numerical model studies. Department of Ocean Engineering IIT, Madras, Chennai, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  19. Thomas KV, Kurian NP, Shahul Hameed TS, Subramanian BR, Ramana Murthy MV, Sundar V, Sannasiraj SA, Nandini KB, Mathew S (2007) Coastal engineering strategy for shore protection for Kerala-a pilot project. Report submitted to ICMAM project directorate. MoES. Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, p 27Google Scholar
  20. Thomas K.V., Kurian N.P., Hameed T.S.S., Nair, L.S., Srinivas, R., Noujas, V., Badarees, K.O, Sharath, L.G., Silpa, B.L., Abhi R Aravind, 2013. Shoreline management plan for selected location along Kerala coast. Report submitted to ICMAM project directorate, MoES. Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, pp. 308Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Centre for Earth science StudiesTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.ICMAM PDChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Coastal Processes Group (Rtd.)National Centre for Earth science StudiesTrivandrumIndia
  4. 4.Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean StudiesKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations