Review of Managerial Science

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 963–1002 | Cite as

Gender-related factors in family business succession: a systematic literature review

  • Aleš Kubíček
  • Ondřej MachekEmail author
Review Paper


Succession is one of the most discussed topics in family business research. However, despite the changing professional and family roles of women and the growing number of female CEOs worldwide, published works in the body of literature have relatively little to say on the role of gender in succession. The article reviews the recent development in the literature related to women in intergenerational succession in family businesses with the aim of systematizing gender-related factors affecting intra-family succession, and also proposes directions for future research. Based on a sample of 35 studies published between 2005 and 2017, this paper categorizes the gender-related factors found in the literature into three categories: environment and context, people, and processes. Subsequently, the paper summarizes the current state-of-the-art in light of these three categories. Since the research on the role of gender in succession is fragmented and lacks an overall direction, we present multiple directions for future research. The present review contributes to the body of literature on the development of family business by comprehensively systematizing existing gender-related factors affecting succession.


Family business Succession Gender Incumbent Successor 

JEL Classification

L26 M21 M12 J16 



We appreciate the funding support received from the Czech Science Foundation for this project entitled “Privately-held Firms with Multiple Owners: The Role of Family and Responsible Ownership” (Registration No.: GA17-10948S). We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their inspiring comments that allowed us to improve the quality of the paper.


  1. Ahl H (2006) Why research on women entrepreneurs needs new directions. Entrep Theory Pract 30(5):595–621. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahl H, Marlow S (2012) Exploring the dynamics of gender, feminism and entrepreneurship: advancing debate to escape a dead end? Organization 19(5):543–562. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahrens JP, Landmann A, Woywode M (2015) Gender preferences in the CEO successions of family firms: family characteristics and human capital of the successor. J Fam Bus Manag 6(2):86–103. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alesina A, Lotti F, Mistrulli PE (2013) Do women pay more for credit? Evidence from Italy. J Eur Econ Assoc 11(1):45–66. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen IE, Langowitz NS (2003) Women in family owned businesses. MassMutual and Center of Women’s Leadership, Babson College, BostonGoogle Scholar
  6. Alvesson M, Billing YD (2009) Understanding gender and organizations. Sage Publications, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ansari IF, Goergen M, Mira S (2014) The determinants of the CEO successor choice in family firms. J Corp Finance 28:6–25. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Aronoff CE, McClure SL, Ward JL (1996) Family business succession: the final test of greatness. Family Enterprise Publisher, MariettaGoogle Scholar
  9. Arosa B, Iturralde T, Maseda A (2010) Ownership structure and firm performance in non-listed firms: evidence from Spain. J Fam Bus Strateg 1(2):88–96. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Avloniti A, Iatridou A, Kaloupsis I, Vozikis GS (2014) Sibling rivalry: implications for the family business succession process. Int Entrep Manag J 10(4):661–678. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Barnes LB (1988) Incongruent hierarchies: daughters and younger sons as company CEOs. Fam Bus Rev 1(1):9–21. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barrett M, Moores K (2009) Spotlights and shadows: preliminary findings about the experiences of women in family business leadership roles. J Manag Organ 15(3):363–377. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Basco R (2013) The family’s effect on family firm performance: a model testing the demographic and essence approaches. J Fam Bus Strateg 4(1):42–66. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Benavides-Velasco CA, Quintana-García C, Guzmán-Parra VF (2013) Trends in family business research. Small Bus Econ 40(1):41–57. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bennedsen M, Nielsen KM, Pérez-González F, Wolfenzon D (2007) Inside the family firm: the role of families in succession decisions and performance. Q J Econ 122(2):647–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Borghans L, Heckman JJ, Golsteyn BH, Meijers H (2009) Gender differences in risk aversion and ambiguity aversion. J Eur Econ Assoc 7(2–3):649–658. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Boyd J, Upton N, Wircenski M (1999) Mentoring in family firms: a reflective analysis of senior executives’ perceptions. Fam Bus Rev 12(4):299–309. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Brockhaus RH (2004) Family business succession: suggestions for future research. Fam Bus Rev 17(2):165–177. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Brun de Pontet S, Wrosch C, Gagnè M (2007) An exploration of the generational differences in levels of control held among family businesses approaching succession. Fam Bus Rev 20(4):337–354. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Brush CG (1992) Research on women business owners: past trends, a new perspective and future directions. Entrep Theory Pract 16(4):5–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cabrera-Suárez K (2005) Leadership transfer and the successor’s development in the family firm. Leadersh Q 16(1):71–96. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cabrera-Suárez K, Martín-Santana JD (2012) Successor’s commitment and succession success: dimensions and antecedents in the small Spanish family firm. Int J Hum Resour Manag 23(13):2736–2762. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cadieux L, Lorrain J, Hugron P (2002) Succession in women-owned family businesses: a case study. Fam Bus Rev 15(1):17–30. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Campopiano G, De Massis A, Rinaldi FR, Sciascia S (2017) Women’s involvement in family firms: progress and challenges for future research. J Fam Bus Strateg 8(4):200–212. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cao J, Cumming D, Wang X (2015) One-child policy and family firms in China. J Corp Finance 33:317–329. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Carney M, Van Essen M, Gedajlovic ER, Heugens PP (2015) What do we know about private family firms? A meta-analytical review. Entrep Theory Pract 39(3):513–544. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Cater JJ, Justis RT (2009) The development of successors from followers to leaders in small family firms: an exploratory study. Fam Bus Rev 22(2):109–124. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Cavalluzzo KS, Cavalluzzo LC (1998) Market structure and discrimination: the case of small businesses. J Money Credit Bank 30(4):771–792. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Cavalluzzo KS, Cavalluzzo LC, Wolken JD (2002) Competition, small business financing and discrimination: evidence from a new survey. J Bus 75(4):641–679. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Chrisman JJ, Chua JH, Sharma P (1998) Important attributes of successors in family businesses: an exploratory study. Fam Bus Rev 11(1):19–34. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Chrisman JJ, Chua JH, Steier LP (2002) The influence of national culture and family involvement on entrepreneurial perceptions and performance at the state level. Entrep Theory Pract 26(4):113–131. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Chrisman JJ, Kellermanns FW, Chan KC, Liano K (2010) Intellectual foundations of current research in family business: an identification and review of 25 influential articles. Fam Bus Rev 23(1):9–26. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Cicellin M, Mussolino D, Viganò R (2015) Gender diversity and father–daughter relationships: understanding the role of paternalistic leadership in family firm succession. Int J Bus Gov Ethics 10(1):97–118. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Cole PM (2000) Understanding family business relationships: preserving the family in the business. Fam J 8(4):351–359. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Constantinidis C, Nelson T (2009) Integrating succession and gender issues from the perspective of the daughter of family enterprise: a cross-national investigation. Manag Int 14(1):43–54. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Curimbaba F (2002) The dynamics of women’s roles as family business managers. Fam Bus Rev 15(3):239–252. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Daspit JJ, Holt DT, Chrisman JJ, Long RG (2016) Examining family firm succession from a social exchange perspective: a multiphase, multistakeholder review. Fam Bus Rev 29(1):44–64. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Davies HT, Crombie IK (1998) Getting to grips with systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Hosp Med 59(12):955–958Google Scholar
  39. Davis PS, Harveston PD (1998) The influence of family on the family business succession process: a multi-generational perspective. Entrep Theory Pract 22:31–54. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Davis JA, Tagiuri R (1989) The influence of life stage on father-son work relationships in family companies. Fam Bus Rev 2(1):47–74. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Dawson A, Hjorth D (2012) Advancing family business research through narrative analysis. Fam Bus Rev 25(3):339–355. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. De Massis A, Chua JH, Chrisman JJ (2008) Factors preventing intra-family succession. Fam Bus Rev 21(2):183–199. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. De Massis A, Sharma P, Chua JH, Chrisman JJ (2012) Family business studies: An annotated bibliography. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Deng X (2015) Father-daughter succession in China: facilitators and challenges. J Fam Bus Manag 5(1):38–54. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. DeNoble A, Ehrlich S, Singh G (2007) Toward the development of a family business self-efficacy scale: a resource-based perspective. Fam Bus Rev 20(2):127–140. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Dietrich J, Kracke B (2009) Career-specific parental behaviors in adolescents’ development. J Vocat Behav 75(2):109–119. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Dugan AM, Krone SP, LeCouvie K, Pendergast JM, Kenyon-Rouvinez DH, Schuman AM (2011) A woman’s place: the crucial roles of women in family business. Palgrave Macmillan, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Dumas C (1992) Integrating the daughter into family business management. Entrep Theory Pract 16(4):41–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Dyck B, Mauws M, Starke FA, Mischke GA (2002) Passing the baton: the importance of sequence, timing, technique and communication in executive succession. J Bus Ventur 17(2):143–162. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Eagly AH, Johannesen-Schmidt MC, Van Engen M (2003) Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: a meta-analysis comparing women and men. Psychol Bull 95:569–591. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Eckel CC, Grossman PJ (2008) Men, women and risk aversion: experimental evidence. In: Plott CR, Smith VL (eds) Handbook of experimental economics results. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1061–1073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Eddleston KA, Kellermanns FW, Floyd SW, Crittenden VL, Crittenden WF (2013) Planning for growth: life stage differences in family firms. Entrep Theory Pract 37(5):1177–1202. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Frishkoff PA, Brown BM (1996) Women on the move in family business. In: Aronoff CE, Astrachan JH, Ward JL (eds) Family and business sourcebook II. Business Resources, Marietta, pp 446–450Google Scholar
  54. Gagnè M, Wrosch C, Brun de Pontet S (2011) Retiring from the family business: the role of goal adjustment capacities. Fam Bus Rev 24(4):292–304. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. García-Alvarez E, López-Sintas J, Gonzalvo PS (2002) Socialization patterns of successors in first-to second-generation family businesses. Fam Bus Rev 15(3):189–203. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Gardiner M, Tiggemann M (1999) Gender differences in leadership style, job stress and mental health in male-and female-dominated industries. J Occup Organ Psychol 72(3):301–315. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Gherardi S, Perrotta M (2016) Daughters taking over the family business: their justification work within a dual regime of engagement. Int J Gend Entep 8(1):28–47. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Gillis-Donovan J, Moynihan-Bradt C (1990) The power of invisible women in the family business. Fam Bus Rev 3(2):153–167. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Glover JL (2014) Gender, power and succession in family farm business. Int J Gend Enterp 6(3):276–295. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Grant Thornton (2014) Annual women in business tracker finds little change at the top of the corporate ladder. Accessed 15 Aug 2015
  61. Haberman H, Danes SM (2007) Father-daughter and Father-son family business management transfer comparison: family FIRO model application. Fam Bus Rev 20(2):163–184. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Halkias D, Thurman PW, Harkiolakis N, Katsioloudes M, Stavrou E, Swiercz P, Fragoudakis M (2010) Father-daughter succession issues in family business among regional economies of Asia. Int J Entrep Ventur 2(3–4):320–346. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hamilton E (2006) Whose story is it anyway? Narrative accounts of the role of women in founding and establishing family businesses. Int Small Bus J 24(3):253–271. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Hamilton E (2013) The discourse of entrepreneurial masculinities (and femininities). Entep Reg Dev 25(1–2):90–99. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Handler WC (1994) Succession in family business: a review of the research. Fam Bus Rev 7(2):133–157. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Harveston PD, Davis PS, Lyden JA (1997) Succession planning in family business: the impact of owner gender. Fam Bus Rev 10(4):373–396. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Heck RK, Hoy F, Poutziouris PZ, Steier LP (2008) Emerging paths of family entepreneurship research. J Small Bus Manag 46(3):317–330. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Henry M, Erwee R, Kong E (2013) Family business succession-trust and gender issues in family and non-family succcession. In: Proceedings of the 13th annual conference of the European Academy of Management (EURAM 2013), European Academy of Management, pp 1–27Google Scholar
  69. Henry C, Foss L, Ahl H (2016) Gender and entrepreneurship research: a review of methodological approaches. Int Small Bus J 34(3):217–241. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Hollander BS, Bukowitz WR (1990) Women, family culture, and family business. Fam Bus Rev 3(2):139–151. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Humphreys MMC (2013) Daughter succession: a predominance of human issues. J Fam Bus Manag 3(1):24–44. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Hytti U, Alsos GA, Heinonen J, Ljunggren E (2016) Navigating the family business: a gendered analysis of identity construction of daughters. Int Small Bus J 35(6):665–686. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Jennings JE, Brush CG (2013) Research on women entrepreneurs: challenges to (and from) the broader entrepreneurship literature? Acad Manag Ann 7(1):663–715. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Jimenez RM (2009) Research on women in family firms current status and future directions. Fam Bus Rev 22(1):53–64. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Jones MV, Coviello N, Tang YK (2011) International entrepreneurship research (1989–2009): a domain ontology and thematic analysis. J Bus Ventur 26(6):632–659. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Kaslow FW (1998) Handling transitions from mother to son in the family business: the knotty issues. Fam Bus Rev 11(3):229–238. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Kaye K (1992) The kid brother. Fam Bus Rev 5(3):237–256. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Keating NC, Little HM (1997) Choosing the successor in New Zealand family farms. Fam Bus Rev 10(2):157–171. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Koffi V, Fillion G, Ekionea JPB, Morris T (2014) Family business succession: what are the ways used by the men business managers to legitimize their successors? Entrep Exec 19:111–129Google Scholar
  80. Kuratko DF (1993) Family business succession in Korean and US firms. J Small Bus Manag 31(2):132–136Google Scholar
  81. Lansberg I (1988) The succession conspiracy. Fam Bus Rev 1(2):119–143. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Lansberg I, Astrachan JH (1994) Influence of family relationships on succession planning and training: the importance of mediating factors. Fam Bus Rev 7(1):39–59. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Laspita S, Breugst N, Heblich S, Patzelt H (2012) Intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurial intentions. J Bus Ventur 27(4):414–435. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Le-Breton-Miller I, Miller D, Steier LP (2004) Toward an integrative model of effective FOB succession. Entrep Theory Prac 28(4):305–328. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Lee KS, Lim GH, Lim WS (2003) Family business succession: appropriation risk and choice of successor. Acad Manag Rev 28(4):657–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Litz RA, Pearson AW, Litchfield S (2012) Charting the future of family business research: perspectives from the field. Fam Bus Rev 25(1):16–32. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Longenecker JG, Schoen JE (1978) Management succession in the family business. J Small Bus Manag 16(3):1–6Google Scholar
  88. Lumpkin GT, Brigham KH (2011) Long-term orientation and intertemporal choice in family firms. Entrep Theory Pract 35(6):1149–1169. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Marlow S, Henry C, Carter S (2009) Exploring the impact of gender upon women’s business ownership. Int Small Bus J 27(2):139–148. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Marshall JP, Sorenson R, Brigham K, Wieling E, Reifman A, Wampler RS (2006) The paradox for the family firm CEO: owner age relationship to succession-related processes and plans. J Bus Ventur 21(3):348–368. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Mascia DV, Rossi SPS (2017) Is there a gender effect on the cost of bank financing? J Finance Stab 31:136–153. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Mathew V (2016) Women and family business succession in Asia - characteristics, challenges and chauvinism. Int J Entep Small Bus 27(2–3):410–424. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Matzek AE, Gudmunson CG, Danes SM (2010) Spousal capital as a resource for couples starting a business. Fam Relat 59(1):60–73. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Mazzi C (2011) Family business and financial performance: current state of knowledge and future research challenges. J Fam Bus Strateg 2(3):166–181. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Meier O, Schier G (2014) Family firm succession: lessons from failures in external party takeovers. J Fam Bus Strateg 5(4):372–383. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Mischel L, Iannarelli C (2011) Understanding a father-daughter succession case: applying the 5 + 5 + 5 Bernelli Model. Am J Econ Bus Adm 3(2):265–271Google Scholar
  97. Moro A, Wisniewski TP, Mantovani GM (2017) Does a manager’s gender matter when accessing credit? Evidence from European data. J Bank Finance 80:119–134. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Morris MH, Williams RO, Allen JA, Avila RA (1997) Correlates of success in family business transitions. J Bus Ventur 12(5):385–401. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Mussolino D, Calabrò A (2014) Paternalistic leadership in family firms: types and implications for intergenerational succession. J Fam Bus Strateg 5(2):197–210. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Nason RS, Halkias D, Thurman MPW, Smith C (2012) Father-daughter succession in family business: a cross-cultural perspective. Gower Publishing, BurlingtonGoogle Scholar
  101. Nelson T, Constantinidis C (2017) Sex and gender in family business succession research: a review and forward agenda from a social construction perspective. Fam Bus Rev 30(3):219–241. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Niederle M, Vesterlund L (2007) Do women shy away from competition? Do men compete too much? Q J Econ 122:1067–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Nordqvist M, Wennberg K, Hellerstedt K (2013) An entrepreneurial process perspective on succession in family firms. Small Bus Econ 40(4):1087–1122. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Otten-Pappas D (2013) The female perspective on family business successor commitment. J Fam Bus Manag 3(1):8–23. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Overbeke KK, Bilimoria D, Perelli S (2013) The dearth of daughter successors in family businesses: gendered norms, blindness to possibility, and invisibility. J Fam Bus Strateg 4(3):201–212. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Overbeke KK, Bilimoria D, Somers T (2015) Shared vision between fathers and daughters in family businesses: the determining factor that transforms daughters into successors. Front Psychol 6:33–47. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Plumeyer A, Kottemann P, Böger D, Decker R (2017) Measuring brand image: a systematic review, practical guidance, and future research directions. Rev Manag Sci. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Poza EJ, Messer T (2001) Spousal leadership and continuity in the family firm. Fam Bus Rev 14(1):25–36. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Reay T (2014) Publishing qualitative research. Fam Bus Rev 27(3):95–102. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Remery C, Matser I, Hans Flören R (2014) Successors in Dutch family businesses: gender differences. J Fam Bus Manag 4(1):79–91. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Royer S, Simons R, Boyd B, Rafferty A (2008) Promoting family: a contingency model of family business succession. Fam Bus Rev 21(1):15–30. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Sageder M, Mitter C, Feldbauer-Durstmüller B (2018) Image and reputation of family firms: a systematic literature review of the state of research. Rev Manag Sci 12(1):335–377. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Salvato C, Corbetta G (2013) Transitional leadership of advisors as a facilitator of successors’ leadership construction. Fam Bus Rev 26(3):235–255. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Schlepphorst S, Moog P (2014) Left in the dark: family successors’ requirement profiles in the family business succession process. J Fam Bus Strateg 5(4):358–371. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Schmitt DP, Realo A, Voracek M, Allik J (2008) Why can’t a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures. J Personal Soc Psychol 94(1):168–182. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Scholes ML, Wright M, Westhead P, Burrows A, Bruining H (2007) Information sharing, price negotiation and management buy-outs of private family-owned firms. Small Bus Econ 29(3):329–349. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Schröder E, Schmitt-Rodermund E (2013) Antecedents and consequences of adolescents’ motivations to join the family business. J Vocat Behav 83(3):476–485. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Schröder E, Schmitt-Rodermund E, Arnaud N (2011) Career choice intentions of adolescents with a family business background. Fam Bus Rev 24(4):305–321. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Sharma P (2004) An overview of the field of family business studies: current status and directions for the future. Fam Bus Rev 17(1):1–36. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Sharma P, Irving P (2005) Four bases of family business successor commitment: antecedents and consequences. Entrep Theory Pract 29(1):13–33. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Sharma P, Rao AS (2000) Successor attributes in Indian and Canadian family firms: a comparative study. Fam Bus Rev 13(4):313–330. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Sharma P, Chrisman JJ, Chua JH (2003a) Predictors of satisfaction with the succession process in family firms. J Bus Ventur 18(5):667–687. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Sharma P, Chrisman JJ, Chua JH (2003b) Succession planning as planned behavior: some empirical results. Fam Bus Rev 16(1):1–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Smith R (2014) Assessing the contribution of the ‘theory of matriarchy’to the entrepreneurship and family business literatures. Int J Gend Entep 6(3):255–275. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Smythe J, Sardeshmukh SR (2013) Fathers and daughters in family business. Small Enterp Res 20(2):98–109. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Solomon A, Breunlin D, Panattoni K, Gustafson M, Ransburg D, Ryan C, Terrien J (2011) “Don’t lock me out”: life-Story interviews of family business owners facing succession. Fam Process 50(2):149–166. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sonfield MC, Lussier RN (2009) Gender in family business ownership and management: a six-country analysis. Int J Gend Enterp 1(2):96–117. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Sonfield MC, Lussier RN (2012) Gender in family business management: a multinational analysis. J Fam Bus Manag 2(2):110–129. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Sonnenfeld JA (1991) The hero’s farewell: what happens when CEOs retire. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Spence JT, Buckner CE (2000) Instrumental and expressive traits, trait stereotypes, and sexist attitudes: what do they signify? Psychol Women Q 24(1):44–53. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Stafford K, Duncan KA, Dane S, Winter M (1999) A research model of sustainable family businesses. Fam Bus Rev 12(3):197–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Stavrou ET (1999) Succession in family businesses: exploring the effects of demographic factors on offspring intentions to join and take over the business. J Small Bus Manag 37(3):43–61Google Scholar
  133. Suess J (2014) Family governance—literature review and the development of a conceptual model. J Fam Bus Strateg 5(2):138–155. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Tatoglu E, Kula V, Glaister KW (2008) Succession planning in family-owned businesses evidence from Turkey. Int Small Bus J 26(2):155–180. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Tranfield D, Denyer D, Smart P (2003) Towards a methodology for developing evidence-informed management knowledge by means of systematic review. Br J Manag 14(3):207–222. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Uhlaner L, Wright M, Huse M (2007) Private firms and corporate governance: an integrated economic and management perspective. Small Bus Econ 29(3):225–241. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Venter E, Boshoff C, Maas G (2005) The influence of successor-related factors on the succession process in small and medium-sized family businesses. Fam Bus Rev 18(4):283–303. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Vera CF, Dean MA (2005) An examination of the challenges daughters face in family business succession. Fam Bus Rev 18(4):321–345. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Wang C (2010) Daughter exclusion in family business succession: a review of the literature. J Fam Econ Issues 31(4):475–484. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Westhead P (2003) Succession decision-making outcomes reported by private family companies. Int Small Bus J 21(4):369–401. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Williams DW, Zorn ML, Crook TR, Combs JG (2013) Passing the torch: factors influencing transgenerational intent in family firms. Fam Relat 62(3):415–428. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Xi JM, Kraus S, Filser M, Kellermanns FW (2015) Mapping the field of family business research: past trends and future directions. Int Enterp Manag J 11(1):113–132. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Zellweger T, Sieger P, Halter F (2011) Should I stay or should I go? Career choice intentions of students with family business background. J Bus Ventur 26(5):521–536. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Strategy, Faculty of Business AdministrationUniversity of Economics, PraguePrague 3Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations