Small-scale Forestry

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 323–333 | Cite as

Financial Viability and Sustainable Management of Acacia nilotica Plantations in El Ain Natural Forest Reserve, Sudan

  • Elsamoal Elzaki Abdalla Elzaki
  • Tian GangEmail author
Original Research


This study analyses fuelwood volume and honey yield per hectare of Acacia nilotica plantations in El Ain Forest Reserve in Sudan, and assesses the financial viability of fuelwood-honey enterprises using discounted cash flow analysis. Tree growth data were collected using fixed-radius circular sample plots to estimate wood volumes of present and harvest ages. Key informant interviews of Forest National Corporation staff of North Kordofan State and members of the Trade Union of Fuelwood Producers and Traders provided market-related data. Fuelwood production in A. nilotica plantations generates a negative financial net present value (NPV), but when combined with revenue from honey production provides a positive NPV. The findings also suggest that beekeeping may act as an incentive for sustainable forest management.


Fuelwood Honey yield Environmental conservation Integrated forest management 



The authors would like to acknowledge Northeast Forestry University for funding this study. We offer our gratitude to the beekeepers in the selected areas for their willingness to be interviewed and for giving us all necessary data. We also thank the Forest National Corporation (FNC) of Sudan for providing us with secondary data on A. nilotica plantations.


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Copyright information

© Steve Harrison, John Herbohn 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forestry Economics and Management, College of Economics and ManagementNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of DalanjDalanjSudan

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