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Manufacturing Oxide Dispersion-Strengthened (ODS) Steel Fuel Cladding Tubes Using the Cold Spray Process

  • Mia Lenling
  • Hwasung Yeom
  • Benjamin Maier
  • Greg Johnson
  • Tyler Dabney
  • Jeffrey Graham
  • Peter Hosemann
  • David Hoelzer
  • Stuart Maloy
  • Kumar SridharanEmail author
Advanced Manufacturing for Nuclear Energy
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

The cold spray materials deposition process has been investigated for manufacturing oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steel fuel cladding tubes. Gas-atomized 14YWT ODS steel powder was used as the feedstock material. A parametric investigation of the cold spray process involving substrate materials of various hardnesses, gas preheat temperatures, and carrier gas compositions was performed to achieve the highest quality deposit. The high-velocity impact of the powder on the substrate led to dissolution of discrete oxide nanoparticles, which subsequently reprecipitated during postdeposition annealing at high temperatures. The tubes were manufactured by deposition on an Al-alloy mandrel substrate and subsequent chemical dissolution of the substrate. A 204-mm-long and 1-mm-thick ODS steel cladding tube was successfully manufactured. The grain growth and distribution of oxide nanoparticles in ferritic steel matrix were identified at elevated temperatures. Overall, the cold spray process holds considerable promise for rapid, cost-effective manufacturing of ODS steel cladding tubes.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by US Department of Energy Grant No. DE-NE0008682.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Physics DepartmentUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.University of California-BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  4. 4.Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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