, Volume 71, Issue 7, pp 2245–2252 | Cite as

Influences of AlN/Al Nanoparticles on the Creep Properties of Elektron21 Prepared by High Shear Dispersion Technology

  • Hong YangEmail author
  • Yuanding Huang
  • Sarkis Gavras
  • Karl Ulrich Kainer
  • Norbert Hort
  • Hajo Dieringa
Second-Phase Particles in Magnesium Alloys: Engineering for Properties and Performance


Elektron21 (E21) and its composites with additions of 0.25 wt.%, 0.5 wt.%, and 1 wt.% AlN/Al nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated by a high shear dispersion technology. Their creep properties were investigated over a stress range between 80 MPa and 140 MPa at 240°C. The grain size exhibits an obvious increase with the addition of AlN/Al NPs compared with the monolithic E21 alloy. Increasing the content of AlN/Al NPs leads to a pronounced improvement of creep resistance. Microstructural analysis shows that, with the addition of 1% AlN/Al NPs in E21, the distribution of the intermetallics Mg3RE becomes much more homogeneous and their size is reduced. Such Mg3RE particles can prevent the dislocation slip more efficiently during creep. Besides these Mg3RE particles, the additional formation of Al2RE and Al2Zr3 phases, which results from the reactions of AlN/Al NPs and the alloying elements Zr and REs, could act as thermal stable particles to improve the creep resistance. Finally, the remained AlN NPs without reactions are beneficial for the improvement of the creep resistance to some extent due to Orowan strengthening.



The authors acknowledge Mr. G. Meister and Mr. Yiming Jin for preparing the alloys. Hong Yang gratefully thanks the China Scholarship Council (201606050110) for the award of a fellowship and funding.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuanding Huang
    • 1
  • Sarkis Gavras
    • 1
  • Karl Ulrich Kainer
    • 1
  • Norbert Hort
    • 1
  • Hajo Dieringa
    • 1
  1. 1.MagIC Magnesium Innovation CentreHelmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany

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