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Effect of Twinning Behavior on Dynamic Recrystallization During Extrusion of AZ31 Mg Alloy

  • Liwei LuEmail author
  • Xiaoye Liu
  • Dongfeng Shi
  • Min Ma
  • Zhongchang WangEmail author
Technical Article


A new severe plastic deformation method, viz. integrated dual-directional extrusion and spiral deformation, was adopted to process AZ31 Mg alloy and found to be very effective for refining the grains and softening the texture. We also investigated how twinning in AZ31 alloy affected the dynamic recrystallization (DRX) during hot extrusion, revealing that multiple twins can offer increased nucleation sites and enough energy to trigger DRX. Moreover, even after dual-directional extrusion and spiral deformation, a misorientation angle of ~ 86° remained between the primary tension twin and matrix or ~ 60° between the secondary tension twin and primary twin, being induced by {10–12} tension twin variants (primary and secondary) and resulting in a dispersed misorientation angle distribution. Nucleation of DRX occurred at the tip of preexisting twins, although primary and secondary tension twins can also act as nucleation sites for DRX.



This work was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 51505143 and 51704112) and the Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (Grant No. 17B089) with financial support from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016T90759).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Precision Machining of Difficult-to-Cut MaterialHunan University of Science and TechnologyXiangtanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Quantum Materials Science and TechnologyInternational Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL)BragaPortugal

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