pp 1–9 | Cite as

Effects of Trace Carbon Contents on Lattice Distortion and Nano-Copper Phase Precipitation in Metal Injection-Molded 17-4PH Stainless Steel

  • Jia Lou
  • Hao HeEmail author
  • Yimin LiEmail author
  • Hao Zhang
  • Zhijie Fang
  • Xiansheng Wei
Effective Production and Recycling of Powder Materials


By adding trace amounts of graphite to metal injection-molded 17-4PH stainless steel, the effects of carbon content on the lattice distortion, nano-copper phase precipitation, and mechanical properties were studied. As the carbon content increased, the distortion degree of martensite increased. Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that the martensitic phase-transformation starting temperature decreased as the carbon content increased. Moreover, the average size of nano-copper-rich precipitates gradually decreased with the carbon content. As a result, the tensile strength and hardness of the samples increased while the elongation correspondingly decreased. Aging promoted greater nano-copper precipitate sizes and slightly improved mechanical properties.



The authors acknowledge support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51804271), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2018JJ3507) and the Guangxi Science and Technology Plan Project (Grant No. AD16380019).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringXiangtan UniversityXiangtanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Research Centre for Materials Science and EngineeringGuangxi University of Science and TechnologyLiuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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