Fluid Flow and Inclusion Behavior Around Spherical-Cap Bubbles
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The fluid flow and inclusion behavior around a spherical-cap bubble in molten steel is investigated by the computational model in a two-dimensional axisymmetric domain. Discrete phase model is employed to describe the trajectory of inclusion through the flow field around the bubble, and a stochastic tracking model is adopted to account for the dispersion of inclusions due to turbulence. Increasing the level of turbulence kinetic energy causes the effective attachment radius and the overall attachment probability to increase. Larger inclusions have a larger attachment probability. The wake region grows larger as the turbulence becomes weaker. The entrapment of inclusions by the bubble wake is also considered and the entrapment probability is calculated.
The authors are grateful for support from the National Science Foundation China (Grant Nos. 51725402 and 51504020), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant Nos. FRF-TP-15-001C2 and 2015021642901), Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Recycling and Extraction of Metals (GREM) and the High Quality steel Consortium (HQSC) at the School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering at University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), China.