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JOM

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 439–455 | Cite as

Progress Towards Metal Additive Manufacturing Standardization to Support Qualification and Certification

  • Mohsen SeifiEmail author
  • Michael Gorelik
  • Jess Waller
  • Nik Hrabe
  • Nima Shamsaei
  • Steve Daniewicz
  • John J. Lewandowski
Article

Abstract

As the metal additive manufacturing (AM) industry moves towards industrial production, the need for qualification standards covering all aspects of the technology becomes ever more prevalent. While some standards and specifications for documenting the various aspects of AM processes and materials exist and continue to evolve, many such standards still need to be matured or are under consideration/development within standards development organizations. An important subset of this evolving the standardization domain has to do with critical property measurements for AM materials. While such measurement procedures are well documented, with various legacy standards for conventional metallic material forms such as cast or wrought structural alloys, many fewer standards are currently available to enable systematic evaluation of those properties in AM-processed metallic materials. This is due in part to the current lack of AM-specific standards and specifications for AM materials and processes, which are a logical precursor to the material characterization standards for any material system. This paper summarizes some of the important standardization activities, as well as limitations associated with using currently available standards for metal AM with a focus on measuring mission-critical properties. Technical considerations in support of future standards development, as well as a pathway for qualification/certification of AM parts enabled by the appropriate standardization landscape, are discussed.

Keywords

Fatigue Additive Manufacturing Integrate Computational Material Engineer Fatigue Crack Growth Test American Welding Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Ben Dutton of the Manufacturing Technology Centre, members of ISO Technical Committee 261 JG59, and Steve James of Aerojet Rocketdyne for their work on developing an AM defects catalog (Table I). The authors also wish to thank James McCabe of ANSI for his efforts to solicit inputs from AM, design, materials, NDT, and quality assurance experts to identify existing standards and standards in development, to assess current technology gaps related to standards, and to make recommendations for priority areas where there is a perceived need for additional standardization as described in Ref. 94.

Supplementary material

Supplementary Figure 1 (AVI 108395 kb)

Supplementary Figure 2 (AVI 227549 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Federal Aviation AdministrationScottsdaleUSA
  3. 3.National Aeronautics and Space AgencyLas CrucesUSA
  4. 4.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyBoulderUSA
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  6. 6.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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