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Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 779–786 | Cite as

Host preference of sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Summers): an example of Hopkins’ host-selection principle

  • Jie ChenEmail author
  • Michael J. Stout
  • Julien Beuzelin
  • Tara P. Smith
  • Don LaBonte
  • Jeff M. Murray
  • Jeffrey A. Davis
Original Paper
  • 488 Downloads

Abstract

Sweetpotato weevil (SPW), Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Summers), is the most damaging root-feeding insect of sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir., worldwide. Larval feeding on storage roots reduces yield and induces terpene production, rendering roots inedible. Selection of sweetpotato cultivars with resistance to insect pests has been carried out for over a century but no high yielding, production acceptable varieties are currently available that are resistant to SPW. A cultivar with resistance to SPW oviposition would be a desirable choice for growers since it will reduce the number of larvae and damage level from SPW. Previous studies have compared cultivar effect on the oviposition of SPW but have not considered the effect of previous rearing experience. Hopkins’ host-selection principle (Hopkin’s HSP) states that phytophagous insects have an oviposition preference for the host that they have been reared on. In this study, we tested cultivar effect on oviposition preference of SPW reared on different cultivars for a minimum of two generations. For adults reared on cvs. Beauregard and Evangeline, adult oviposition preference followed their previous living experience. Thus, our results indicate a strong effect of host fidelity, supporting Hopkin’s HSP. Our results also confirm that cv. Murasaki is a resistant cultivar, resulting in reduced oviposition but not oviposition capacity. It is possible that the reduced oviposition is due to the stress-triggered oosorption from the females feeding on cv. Murasaki.

Keywords

Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Summers) Ipomoea batatas (L.) Host plant resistance Hopkins’ host-selection principle Previous experience Oviposition capacity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Sweetpotato Research Station researchers and staff for their generous support in this study. This study was partially funded by the Louisiana Sweet Potato Commission and the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. This article was approved for publication by the Director of the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station as manuscript No. 2018-234-32151.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EntomologyLouisiana State University AgCenterBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Everglades Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaBelle GladeUSA
  3. 3.Sweetpotato Research StationLouisiana State University AgCenterWinnsboroUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plant, Environmental and Soil ScienceBaton RougeUSA

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