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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 1890–1899 | Cite as

Influential extraction parameters for the characterization of chitosan from crab shell

  • Carla-cezarina Pădurețu
  • Raluca Isopescu
  • Ileana RăuEmail author
  • Manuela Rossemary Apetroaei
  • Verginica Schröder
Biotechnology
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Chitosan, one of the most interesting and intriguing biopolymer, can be extracted from different marine waste. The present paper focuses on the chitosan extraction procedure from Macropipus holsatus crab waste. Because the deacetylation degree is the most important characteristic of chitosan, the influence of specific operating parameters during deacetylation treatment was analyzed by statistical analysis and mathematical modelling using artificial neural networks (ANN). The ANN simulation put into evidence the manner that the deacetylation degree is influenced by the considered operating conditions and enabled the identification of optimal operating conditions in order to obtain a chitosan with a relatively high deacetylation degree. The obtained chitosan was characterized by various methods, including physical-chemical analysis, structure identification and crystallinity index. The main effects as well as the interaction effects for some physical-chemical properties were studied to establish if and how the chitosan properties are affected by the extraction procedure.

Keywords

Crabs Chitin Chitosan Deacetylation Degree Macropipus Holsatus 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carla-cezarina Pădurețu
    • 1
  • Raluca Isopescu
    • 2
  • Ileana Rău
    • 1
    Email author
  • Manuela Rossemary Apetroaei
    • 3
  • Verginica Schröder
    • 4
  1. 1.University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, Department of General ChemistryBucharestRomania
  2. 2.University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringBucharestRomania
  3. 3.“MIRCEA CEL BATRAN” Naval Academy, Department of Naval and Port Engineering and Management, Faculty of Navigation and Naval ManagementConstantaRomania
  4. 4.University OVIDIUS of Constanta, Faculty of PharmacyConstantaRomania

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