Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 1839–1853 | Cite as

Metal organic frameworks (MOFs): Current trends and challenges in control and management of air quality

  • Pawan KumarEmail author
  • Eric Vejerano
  • Azmatullah Khan
  • Grzegorz Lisak
  • Jeong Hyeon Ahn
  • Ki-Hyun KimEmail author
Invited Review Paper


Coordination polymers (CPs) are a unique class of polymers characterized by a molecular structure consisting of repeating metal centers linked by organic ligands in an infinite array connected through coordination bonding. In the last two decades, research interest in CPs, such as metal organic frameworks (MOFs), has grown rapidly owing to their exclusive advantageous properties (e.g., exceptionally high surface area, chemical and thermal stability, molecular functionality, porosity, electron mobility, thermal conductivity, and mechanical strength). In this study, we started with a basic question: Why and how are coordination polymers special and how do they differ from other classes of polymers? Next, we explored the value of unique and innovative CPs in line with the advent of design and synthesis approaches. We focused on the current trends and challenges of CPs/MOFs for application in the control and management of air quality. The intent of this review is to motivate development of CPs/MOFs that can be ultimately applied towards more efficient and effective technology as remediating and managing of the air quality. Ultimately, this review will help us open a new paradigm to pursue the future progress in polymers and materials science that targets specific applications in environmental engineering.


Metal Organic Frameworks Environmental Applications Control and Management Air Quality 


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PK thanks the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), New Delhi, for funding under ‘Empowerment and Equity Opportunities for Excellence in Science’ (Project’s reference no. EEQ/2016/000484). This study was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (No. 2016R1E1A1A01940995). This research was also supported partially by the R&D Center for Green Patrol Technologies through the R&D for Global Top Environmental Technologies funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE), Republic of Korea.


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© The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Application Research Laboratory, Department of Nano Sciences & MaterialsCentral University of JammuJammuIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringHanyang UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Center for Environmental Nanoscience and Risk, Department of Environmental Health SciencesUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre (R3C), Nanyang Environment and Water Research InstituteNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  5. 5.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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