Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 1900–1914 | Cite as

Hazardous As(III) removal using nanoporous activated carbon of waste garlic stem as adsorbent: Kinetic and mass transfer mechanisms

  • Anuj Kumar Prajapati
  • Monoj Kumar MondalEmail author
Separation Technology, Thermodynamics


Nanoporous activated garlic stem carbon (AGSC) was prepared from garlic stem waste and used to remove As(III)from synthetic water under complete batch experiments. Characterization studies of AGSC were performed by FTIR, SEM, EDX, BET, XPS and XRD techniques. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to study the adsorption of As(III) onto AGSC. Maximum removal of 93.3% of As(III) was obtained at optimum condition of pH 6, the adsorbent dose 5 g/L, equilibrium time 150 min, initial As(III) concentration 400 µg/L and temperature 298 K. Both Langmuir and Temkin isotherm model fitted well to the experimental data as compared to Freundlich isotherm. Kinetics indicated that the adsorption of As(III) was more suitable for pseudo-second-order than pseudo-first-order and Elovich model. The mass transfer mechanism could be described by Weber-Morris and Boyd mass transfer model. The maximum adsorption capacity of AGSC for As(III) removal was found to be 192.30 µg/g. The negative enthalpy and free energy change indicated that the adsorption process of As(III) onto AGSC was exothermic and spontaneous. The negative value of entropy change suggested decreasing randomness at the AGSC-aqueous As(III) interface during As(III) adsorption.


As(III) Adsorption AGSC Characterization Kinetics Mass Transfer Models and Desorption 


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Authors are grateful to Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi, India, for providing the necessary facilities related to research work. The authors also express gratitude for the financial assistance provided by MHRD, India.

Supplementary material

11814_2019_376_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (126 kb)
Hazardous As(III) removal using nanoporous activated carbon of waste garlic stem as adsorbent: Kinetic and mass transfer mechanisms


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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