Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 236–247 | Cite as

Facile preparation of antifouling g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite photocatalytic polyvinylidene fluoride membranes for effective removal of rhodamine B

  • Yanhua Cui
  • Lili Yang
  • Minjia MengEmail author
  • Qi Zhang
  • Binrong Li
  • Yilin Wu
  • Yunlei Zhang
  • Jihui Lang
  • Chunxiang LiEmail author
Environmental Engineering


A simplified strategy for facilely fabricating antifouling graphite carbon nitride/silver phosphate (g-C3N4/Ag3PO4) nanocomposite photocatalytic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) porous membranes was developed for effective removal of rhodamine B (RhB). g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 heterojunction was strongly fixed to the interior of the PVDF membranes via phase inversion method. The membrane structure was analyzed by Fourier transform spectrophotometer (FT-IR). The morphology of the prepared membranes was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX-mapping and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. All prepared nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF membranes exhibited a typically porous structure, and g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposites were well dispersed inside the membranes. The obtained g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 heterojunction nanoparticle decorated PVDF membrane had a lower water contact angle of 79° and higher porosity of 85% than that of other two control membranes. The nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF porous membranes had extremely high permeation flux over 1,083 L·m-2·h-1, and could be used for the removal of RhB. The removal efficiency of g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes towards RhB solution under visible light irradiation reached 97%, higher than that of the pure PVDF membranes (41%) and g-C3N4-PVDF membranes (85%). Remarkably, the flux performance and flux recovery ratio (FRR) of membranes revealed that the g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes could recover high flux after fouling, which presented better fouling resistance. Furthermore, the fabricated antifouling g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF porous membranes exhibited excellent recyclability. Therefore, it is expected that g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes could provide an energy-saving strategy for effective removal of organic dyes wastewater and have a great potential for practical wastewater treatment in the future.


g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 Heterojunction PVDF Membranes Removal RhB Anti-fouling Properties 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanhua Cui
    • 1
  • Lili Yang
    • 1
  • Minjia Meng
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qi Zhang
    • 2
  • Binrong Li
    • 3
  • Yilin Wu
    • 2
  • Yunlei Zhang
    • 2
  • Jihui Lang
    • 4
  • Chunxiang Li
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.Institute of Green Chemistry and Chemical Technology, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  3. 3.School of Environment and Safety EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  4. 4.Jilin Normal UniversityChangchunChina

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