Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 37–47 | Cite as

Facile and simple synthesis of triethylenetetramine-modified mesoporous silica adsorbent for removal of Cd(II)

  • Atena Abedi
  • Hamidreza Ghafouri TaleghaniEmail author
  • Mohsen Ghorbani
  • Hamed Salimi Kenari
Environmental Engineering


Monodispersed porous silica microspheres (SM) were synthesized and further functionalized with amine moieties using triethylenetetramine (TETA) in order to obtain a novel adsorbent for Cd(II) elimination from aqueous media. The morphology, texture and structure of samples were characterized with the aid of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and N2 adsorption-desorption. The adsorption efficiency was investigated based on the effect of operational parameters including pH of the solution, the dose of adsorbent, adsorption time, initial concentration of Cd(II) ions and temperature. The equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics of Cd(II) adsorption were also studied. The maximum adsorption capacity of amine functionalized silica microspheres (AMSM) for Cd(II) was 35.6 mg g-1. Cd(II) adsorption onto AMSM had highest consistency with Sips and Langmuir isotherms, while adsorption kinetics was best fitted with pseudo-second order model. Thermodynamics of adsorption revealed that Cd(II) adsorption on AMSM was spontaneous, feasible and exothermic with physical interactions and pore diffusion being the dominant mechanisms in the adsorption process. Results confirmed that AMSM adsorbent has the potential to be a suitable candidate for Cd(II) removal from aqueous solutions.


Mesoporous Silica Microspheres Amine Functionalized Adsorption Cd(II) Removal 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atena Abedi
    • 1
  • Hamidreza Ghafouri Taleghani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohsen Ghorbani
    • 2
  • Hamed Salimi Kenari
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical EngineeringBabol Noshirvani University of TechnologyBabolIran

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