Estimation of drift limits for different seismic damage states of RC frame staging in elevated water tanks using Park and Ang damage index

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Damage to elevated water tanks in past earthquakes can be attributed to the poor performance of their supporting frame staging. In order to ascertain the performance of these elevated water tanks, it is crucial to categorize the damage in quantifiable damage states. Among various parameters to quantify the damage states, the top drift of frame staging can be conveniently correlated to the different damage levels. In literature, drift limits corresponding to different damage states of the frame staging of the elevated water tank are not available. In the present study, drift limits for RC frame staging in elevated water tanks corresponding to different seismic damage states have been proposed. Various damage states of the elevated water tank have been determined using the Park and Ang damage index. The Park and Ang damage index utilizes results of both pushover analysis and incremental dynamic analysis. Twelve models of elevated water tanks have been developed considering variation in staging height and tank capacity. Incremental dynamic analysis has been performed using the suite of twelve actual earthquake ground motions. Based on the regression analysis between damage indexes and drift, limiting drift values for each damage state are proposed.

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Correspondence to Ratnesh Kumar.

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Lakhade, S.O., Kumar, R. & Jaiswal, O.R. Estimation of drift limits for different seismic damage states of RC frame staging in elevated water tanks using Park and Ang damage index. Earthq. Eng. Eng. Vib. 19, 161–177 (2020) doi:10.1007/s11803-020-0554-1

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  • elevated water tank
  • frame staging
  • damage states
  • drift limit
  • 3D modelling
  • incremental dynamic analysis
  • pushover analysis