Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 81–89 | Cite as

Application of the Static Headland-Bay Beach Concept to a Sandy Beach: A New Elliptical Model

  • Bing Li
  • Zhenye Zhuang
  • Lihua CaoEmail author
  • Fengchao Du


The headland-bay beach is one of the most common coastal types in the world. Its morphology reflects the changes that occurred during long-term evolution of the sandy coast. Several headland-bay beach models have been proposed to simulate the coastline’s configuration in equilibrium. In this paper, a new elliptical model is proposed, described, and applied. On the east coast of Laizhou Bay in Shandong Province from Longkou Port to Diaolongzui, four typical headland-bay beaches have developed, and four headland-bay beach models are used in this paper to simulate the morphology of these beaches to assess the applicability of each model. The simulation results of the elliptical model verify that it is applicable to the study area. In addition, the elliptical model is easy to use. Through simulation and field investigations, we concluded that most of the coastal segments in this area will remain in an erosion state, and the human activity has a significant impact on the shoreline’s evolution.

Key words

static headland-bay beach concept elliptical model sandy beach coastal erosion east coast of Laizhou Bay 


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This study was supported by the Marine Public Benefit Scientific Research Special Fund Project of the State Oceanic Administration (Nos. 200905008 and 201405037). The authors would like to thank Prof. Guangxue Li for his helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhenye Zhuang
    • 1
  • Lihua Cao
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Fengchao Du
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Marine GeosciencesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Island Research CenterMinistry of Natural ResourcesPingtanChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Submarine Science and Exploration TechnologyEducation Ministry of ChinaQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Shandong Marine Resources and Environment InstituteShandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Restoration for Marine EcologyYantaiChina

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