Enhanced Data Transmission Rate of XCTD Profiler Based on OFDM

  • Hongzhi Li
  • Sai Zhang
  • Xiaocong Qin
  • Xiaoyang Zhang
  • Yu ZhengEmail author


An expendable conductivity-temperature-depth profiler (XCTD) is one of the most important instruments used to obtain hydrological data, such as temperature and conductivity, and detect ocean depth in a large area. However, the XCTD channel provides poor time-varying performance, narrowband, and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), which severely restricts the data transmission rate. In contrast to conventional single-carrier modulation techniques, such as amplitude-shift keying and differential phase-shift keying, this article provides a new method, based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) to enhance the data transmission rate of deep-sea abandoned profilers. We apply the OFDM to enhance the SNR of the XCTD, which is achieved by reducing the data transmission rate of each sub-channel. Moreover, the bandwidth utilization may be improved by increasing the number of subcarriers in a given bandwidth, which enhances the data transmission rate. Based on analysis of the XCTD channel model, OFDM with different parameters such as constellation mapping, number of subcarriers, subcarrier spacing, signal period and cyclic prefix are achieved. To verify the effectiveness of the OFDM, this study investigates the influence of different parameters on the data transmission rate at different noise levels, i.e., −20 dB and −40 dB.

Key words

XCTD OFDM subcarrier bandwidth utilization data transmission rate 


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This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016 YFC1400400), and the Marine Economic Innovation and Development Demonstration Project in Binhai New Area (No. 1723434C4114194).


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Copyright information

© Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongzhi Li
    • 1
  • Sai Zhang
    • 2
  • Xiaocong Qin
    • 2
  • Xiaoyang Zhang
    • 2
  • Yu Zheng
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.National Ocean Technology CenterTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of Electronics and Information EngineeringTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina

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