Advertisement

Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 9–19 | Cite as

Temporal-Spatial Variation of Surface Suspended Matter and Controlling Factors in the Inner Shelf of the East China Sea in Winter

  • Jianxiong Min
  • Guangxue LiEmail author
  • Dong Ding
  • Lulu Qiao
  • Yanyan Ma
  • Gang Yang
  • Yaqi Zhang
  • Lei Zhang
  • Shuhao Li
Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

Based on the observed surface suspended matter in the East China Sea in February 2007 and June 2015, an empirical model was established using L1b’s band 4 data to retrieve surface suspended matter from the Moderate Resolution Imagine Spectroradiometer Terra imagery. The squared correlation coefficient is 0.8358, and the root mean square error is 0.4285 mg L−1. The model reflects the distribution characteristics of surface suspended matter in the inner shelf of the East China Sea. In this paper, the satellite images of the study area were retrieved in January from 2001 to 2015, and the monthly distribution of surface suspended matter were obtained. The inter-annual distribution of the study area is similar, and the concentration of surface suspended matter is higher near the shore than offshore. A large amount of surface suspended matter is transported southeast under the influence of Zhejiang and Fujian coastal current and Taiwan warm current. Only a small amount of surface suspension can reach the Kuroshio area. The surface suspended matter concentration changes obviously near the estuary because of the effect of differences in the flux of the Yangtze River. Meanwhile, winter monsoon, temperature front, El Niño events, and other factors affect the distribution of surface suspended matter in 100 m isobath to coastal water but minimally influence the distribution in 100 m isobath to deep sea.

Key words

inner shelf of the East China Sea Moderate Resolution Imagine Spectroradiometer surface suspended matter monthly distribution inter-annual variation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41606066 and 41476030) and the Project of Taishan Scholar. We would like to acknowledge the hard work of investigators during two voyage surveys. We thank the members of our research team and the reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions in this paper.

References

  1. Bai, H., and Wang, F., 2010. Distribution and variation of the Taiwan current water and Changjiang diluted water along 32°N and PN sections. Studia Marina Sinica, 50 (1): 11–22 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  2. Bao, X. W., Lin, X. P., Wu, D. X., and Shan, F., 2005. Simulation and analysis of shelf circulation and its seasonal variability in the East China Sea. Periodical of Ocean University of China, 35 (3): 349–356 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  3. Belkin, I. M., Cornillon, P. C., and Sherman, K., 2009. Fronts in large marine ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography, 81 (1): 223–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bi, N. S., Yang, Z. S., Wang, H. J., Fan, D. J., Sun, X. X., and Lei, K., 2011. Seasonal variation of suspended–sediment transport through the southern Bohai Strait. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93 (3): 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bian, C. W., Jiang, W. S., Quan, Q., Wang, T., Greatbatch, R. J., and Li, W., 2013. Distributions of suspended sediment concentration in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea based on field surveys during the four seasons of 2011. Journal of Marine Systems, 121 (5): 24–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dong, L. X., Guan, W. B., Chen, Q., Li, X. H., and Zeng, X. M., 2011. Sediment transport in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93 (3): 248–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guan, B. X., and Mao, H. N., 1982. A note on circulation of the East China Sea. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 1 (1): 5–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guo, Z. G., Yang, Z. S., Zhang, D. Q., Fan, D. J., and Lei, K., 2002. Seasonal distribution of suspended matter in the northern East China Sea and barrier effect of current on its transport. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 24 (5): 71–80 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  9. He, S. Y., Huang, D. J., and Zeng, D. Y., 2016. Double SST fronts observed from MODIS data in the East China Sea off the Zhejiang–Fujian coast, China. Journal of Marine Systems, 154: 93–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hu, J., and Wang, X. H., 2016. Progress on upwelling studies in the China seas. Reviews of Geophysics, 54 (3): 653–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hu, J. W., Chen, S. G., Zhang, T. L., and Zhang, G. P., 2015. Spatial and temporal variations of turbidity in the East China Seas derived from MODIS satellite data. Marine Environmental Science, 34 (4): 564–569 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  12. Li, G. X., Han, X. B., Yue, S. H., Wen, G. Y., Yang, R. M., and Kusky, T. M., 2006. Monthly variations of water masses in the East China Seas. Continental Shelf Research, 26 (16): 1954–1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li, G. X., Li, P., Liu, Y., Qiao, L. L., Xu, J. S., and Yang, Z. G., 2014. Sedimentary system response to the global sea level change in the East China Seas since the last glacial maximum. Earth–Science Reviews, 139: 390–405.Google Scholar
  14. Li, G. X., Qiao, L. L., Dong, P., Ma, Y. Y., Xu, J. S., Liu, S. D., Liu, Y., Li, J. C., Li, P., Ding, D., Wang, N., Dada, O. A., and Liu, L., 2016. Hydrodynamic condition and suspended sediment diffusion in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121: 6204–6222.Google Scholar
  15. Li, S. H., and Yun, C. X., 2006. Coastal current systems and the movement and expansion of suspended sediment from Changjiang River Estuary. Marine Science Bulletin, 8 (1): 22–33.Google Scholar
  16. Li, Y. H., Wang, A. J., Qiao, L., Fang, J. Y., and Chen, J., 2012. The impact of typhoon Morakot on the modern sedimentary environment of the mud deposition center off the Zhejiang–Fujian coast, China. Continental Shelf Research, 37 (2): 92–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu, C. Y., 2009. Distribution and variation of the thermal fronts in the Eastern China. PhD thesis. The Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Science.Google Scholar
  18. Liu, J. P., Xu, K. H., Li, A. C., Milliman, J. D., Velozzi, D. M., Xiao, S. B., and Yang, Z. S., 2007. Flux and fate of Yangtze River sediment delivered to the East China Sea. Geomorphology, 85 (3): 208–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu, S. D., Qiao, L. L., Li, G. X., Li, J. C., Wang, N., and Yang, J. C., 2015. Distribution and cross–front transport of suspended particulate matter over the inner shelf of the East China Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 107: 92–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu, S. F., Shi, X. F., Liu, Y. G., Yang, G., Li, C. X., and Fang, X. S., 2011. Distribution of suspended matter in the inner–shelf mud area of the East China Sea in summer and their influence factors. Advances in Marine Science, 29 (1): 37–46 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  21. Liu, X., Li, G. X., Ma, Y. Y., Ding, D., Dada, O. A., Xu, J. S., Qiao, L. L., Li, J. C., and Liu, S. D., 2016. Distribution and diffusion of surface suspended matter off the East China Shore, 2010. Geological Journal, 51 (S1): 49–59.Google Scholar
  22. Min, J. X., Ding, D., Li, G. X., Qiao, L. L., Liu, S. D., Li, J. C., An, Z. Z., and Pan, J. H., 2017. Distribution and migration of surface suspended sediment in Zhejiang and Fujian mud area using Landsat satellite image. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 37 (2): 44–55 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  23. Nan, D. W., Wiseman, W. J., Lawrence, J. R., and Babin, B., 2017. Effects of river discharge, wind stress, and slope eddies on circulation and the satellite–observed structure of the Mississippi River plume. Journal of Coastal Research, 21 (6): 1228–1244.Google Scholar
  24. Pang, C. G., and Hu, D. X., 2002. Upwelling and sedimentation dynamics III: Coincidence of upwelling areas with mud patches in North Hemisphere shelf seas. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 20 (2): 101–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Qiao, F. L., Yang, Y. Z., Lv, X. G., Xia, C. S., Chen, X. Y., Wang, B. D., and Yuan, Y. L., 2006. Coastal upwelling in the East China Sea in winter. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 111 (C11): 2209–2223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ren, S. H., Wang, H., and Liu, N., 2015. Review of ocean in Chinese marginal seas and frontal forecasting. Advances in Earth Science, 30 (5): 552–563 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  27. Shi, X. F., Liu, S. F., Qiao, S. Q., Liu, Y. G., Fang, X. S., Wu, Y. H., and Zhu, Z. W., 2010. Depositional features and palaeoenvironmental records of the mud deposits in the Min–Zhe coastal mud area, East China Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 30 (4): 19–30 (in Chinese with English abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Su, J. L., 2001. A review of circulation dynamics of the coastal oceans near China. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 23 (4): 1–16.Google Scholar
  29. Su, J. L., and Pan, Y. Q., 1987. On the shelf circulation north of Taiwan. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 6 (Supp.1): 1–20.Google Scholar
  30. Van der Lee, E. M., Bowers, D. G., and Kyte, E., 2009. Remote sensing of temporal and spatial patterns of suspended particle size in the Irish Sea in relation to the Kolmogorov microscale. Continental Shelf Research, 29 (9): 1213–1225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang, H. J., Wang, A. M., Bi, N. S., Zeng, X. M., and Xiao, H. H., 2014. Seasonal distribution of suspended sediment in the Bohai Sea, China. Continental Shelf Research, 90: 17–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wei, Q. S., Liu, L., Zang, J. Y., and Ran, X. B., 2012. The distribution and transport of suspended matter in the southern Huanghai Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34 (2): 73–83 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  33. Xu, K. H., Li, A. C., Liu, J. P., Milliman, J. D., Yang, Z. S., Liu, C. S., Kao, S. J., Wan, S. M., and Xu, F. J., 2012. Provenance, structure, and formation of the mud wedge along inner continental shelf of the East China Sea: A synthesis of the Yangtze dispersal system. Marine Geology, 291–294 (4): 176–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xu, J. D., Huang, J., Qiu, Y., Xuan, L. L., and Zhu, D. Y., 2015. Spatial structure characteristics of Zhengjiang and Fujian coastal water and their evolution. Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 34 (1): 1–7 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  35. Yuan, J. C., Miller, R. L., Powell, R. T., and Dagg, M. J., 2004. Storm–induced injection of the Mississippi River plume into the open Gulf of Mexico. Geophysical Research Letters, 310 (9): 165–198.Google Scholar
  36. Yuan, D. L., and Hsueh, Y., 2010. Dynamics of the cross–shelf circulation in the Yellow and East China Seas in winter. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (19): 1745–1761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zeng, D. Y., Ni, X. B., and Huang, D. J., 2012. Temporal and spatial variability of the ZheMin Coastal Current and the Taiwan Warm Current in winter in thesouthern Zhejiang coastal sea. Sci Sin Terrae, 42: 1123–1134 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  38. Zhang, W. Y., Zhang, C. K., Gong, Z., and Tan, W., 2014. Anomaly response to El Niño events of nearshore circulation off Yangtze Estuary. Journal of Hohai University (Natural Sciences), 42 (3): 267–272 (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  39. Zheng, Q. A., Fang, G. H., and Song, Y. T., 2006. Introduction to special section: Dynamics and circulation of the Yellow, East, and South China Seas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 111 (C10): 63–79.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Ocean University of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianxiong Min
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Guangxue Li
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Dong Ding
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lulu Qiao
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yanyan Ma
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gang Yang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yaqi Zhang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lei Zhang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shuhao Li
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Shanghai Waterway Engineering Design and Consulting Co., Ltd.ShanghaiChina
  2. 2.College of Marine GeosciencesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of EducationOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations