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Recovery of Ni(II) from real electroplating wastewater using fixed-bed resin adsorption and subsequent electrodeposition

  • Tong Li
  • Ke Xiao
  • Bo Yang
  • Guilong Peng
  • Fenglei Liu
  • Liyan Tao
  • Siyuan Chen
  • Haoran Wei
  • Gang Yu
  • Shubo DengEmail author
Research Article
  • 7 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue—China Urban Water Environment and Water Ecology

Abstract

Effective recovery of high-value heavy metals from electroplating wastewater is of great significance, but recovering nickel ions from real electroplating wastewater as nickel sheet has not been reported. In this study, the pilot-scale fixed-bed resin adsorption was conducted to recover Ni(II) ions from real nickel plating wastewater, and then the concentrated Ni(II) ions in the regenerated solution were reduced to nickel sheet via electrodeposition. A commercial cation-exchange resin was selected and the optimal resin adsorption and regeneration conditions were investigated. The resin exhibited an adsorption capacity of 63 mg/g for Ni(II) ions, and the average amount of treated water was 84.6 bed volumes (BV) in the pilot-scale experiments. After the adsorption by two ion-exchange resin columns in series and one chelating resin column, the concentrations of Ni(II) in the treated wastewater were below 0.1 mg/L. After the regeneration of the spent resin using 3 BVof 4% (w/w) HCl solution, 1.5 BV of concentrated neutral nickel solution (>30 g/L) was obtained and used in the subsequent electrodeposition process. Using the aeration method, alkali and water required in resin activation process were greatly reduced to 2 BV and 3 BV, respectively. Under the optimal electrodeposition conditions, 95.6% of Ni(II) in desorption eluent could be recovered as the elemental nickel on the cathode. The total treatment cost for the resin adsorption and regeneration as well as the electrodeposition was calculated.

Keywords

Nickel removal Ion exchange Electroplating wastewater Regeneration Electrodeposition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (No. 2017ZX07202001) for financial support.

Supplementary material

11783_2019_1175_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.1 mb)
Supporting materials

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tong Li
    • 1
  • Ke Xiao
    • 2
  • Bo Yang
    • 2
  • Guilong Peng
    • 1
  • Fenglei Liu
    • 1
  • Liyan Tao
    • 1
  • Siyuan Chen
    • 2
  • Haoran Wei
    • 3
  • Gang Yu
    • 1
  • Shubo Deng
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Beijing Key Laboratory for Emerging Organic Contaminants Control, School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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