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Rapid control of black and odorous substances from heavily-polluted sediment by oxidation: Efficiency and effects

  • Kun Li
  • Min Yang
  • Jianfeng Peng
  • Ruiping Liu
  • Tista Prasai Joshi
  • Yaohui BaiEmail author
  • Huijuan Liu
Research Article
  • 3 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue—China Urban Water Environment and Water Ecology

Abstract

The control of black and odorous substances in sediments is of crucial importance to improve the urban ecological landscape and to restore water environments accordingly. In this study, chemical oxidation by the oxidants NaClO, H2O2, and KMnO4 was proposed to achieve rapid control of black and odorous substances in heavily-polluted sediments. Results indicate that NaClO and KMnO4 are effective at removing Fe(II) and acid volatile sulfides. The removal efficiencies of Fe(II) and AVS were determined to be 45.2%, 94.1%, and 93.7%, 89.5% after 24-h exposure to NaClO and KMnO4 at 0.2 mmol/g, respectively. Additionally, rapid oxidation might accelerate the release of pollutants from sediment. The release of organic matters and phosphorus with the maximum ratios of 22.1% and 51.2% was observed upon NaClO oxidation at 0.4 mmol/g. Moreover, the introduction of oxidants contributed to changes in the microbial community composition in sediment. After oxidation by NaClO and KMnO4 at 0.4 mmol/g, the Shannon index decreased from 6.72 to 5.19 and 4.95, whereas the OTU numbers decreased from 2904 to 1677 and 1553, respectively. Comparatively, H2O2 showed a lower effect on the removal of black and odorous substances, pollutant release, and changes in sediment microorganisms. This study illustrates the effects of oxidant addition on the characteristics of heavily polluted sediments and shows that chemical oxidants may be an option to achieve rapid control of black and odorous substances prior to remediation of water environments.

Keywords

Oxidants Heavily polluted sediment Black and odorous substances Release behaviors Microorganism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51820105011, 51578537 and 51778603) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. QYZDY-SSW-DQC004). The authors thank Beijing Genomics Institute Central China for providing high-throughput sequencing services.

Supplementary material

11783_2019_1171_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.6 mb)
Supporting analytical methods

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kun Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Min Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianfeng Peng
    • 3
  • Ruiping Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tista Prasai Joshi
    • 4
  • Yaohui Bai
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Huijuan Liu
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Center for Water and Ecology, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Nepal Academy of Science and TechnologyKhumaltar, LalitpurNepal

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