Culturomics and metagenomics: In understanding of environmental resistome

  • Monika Nowrotek
  • Łukasz Jałowiecki
  • Monika Harnisz
  • Grażyna Anna PłazaEmail author
Open Access
Review Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue—Environmental Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance


Pharmaceutical residues, mainly antibiotics, have been called “emerging contaminants” in the environment because of their increasing frequency of detection in aquatic and terrestrial systems and their sublethal ecological effects. Most of them are undiscovered. Both human and veterinary pharmaceuticals, including antibiotics, are introduced into the environment via many different routes, including discharges from municipal wastewater treatment plants and land application of animal manure and biosolids to fertilize croplands. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the widespread problem of antibiotic resistance, modern and scientific approaches have been developed to gain knowledge of the entire antibiotic-resistant microbiota of various ecosystems, which is called the resistome. In this review, two omics methods, i.e. culturomics, a new approach, and metagenomics, used to study antibiotic resistance in environmental samples, are described. Moreover, we discuss how both omics methods have become core scientific tools to characterize microbiomes or resistomes, study natural communities and discover new microbes and new antibiotic resistance genes from environments. The combination of the method for get better outcome of both culturomics and metagenomics will significantly advance our understanding of the role of microbes and their specific properties in the environment.


Culturomics Metagenomics Antibiotic resistance Resistome 



This paper was prepared in connection with the work done under the project No. 2017/26/M/NZ9/00071 funded by the National Science Center (Poland).


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Monika Nowrotek
    • 1
  • Łukasz Jałowiecki
    • 1
  • Monika Harnisz
    • 2
  • Grażyna Anna Płaza
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Microbiology UnitInstitute for Ecology of Industrial AreasKatowicePoland
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Microbiology, Faculty of Environmental SciencesUniversity of Warmia and MazuryOlsztynPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Organization and Management, Institute of Engineering ProductionSilesian University of TechnologyZabrzePoland

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