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Study of engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics fueled with diesel-like fuel produced from waste engine oil and waste plastics

  • V. Edwin GeoEmail author
  • Ankit Sonthalia
  • Fethi Aloui
  • J. S. Femilda Josephin
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue—Bio-based Technologies for Resource Recovery

Abstract

Utilizing oil extracted from waste engine oil and waste plastics, by pyrolysis, as a fuel for internal combustion engines has been demonstrated to be one of the best available waste management methods. Separate blends of fuel from waste engine oil and waste plastic oil was prepared by mixing with diesel and experimental investigation is conducted to study engine performance, combustion and exhaust emissions. It is observed that carbon monoxide (CO) emission increases by 50% for 50% waste plastic oil (50WPO:50D) and by 58% for 50% waste engine oil (50WEO:50D) at full load as compared to diesel. Unburnt hydrocarbon (HC) emission increases by 16% for 50WPO:50D and by 32% for 50WEO:50D as compared to diesel at maximum load. Smoke is found to decrease at all loading conditions for 50WPO:50D operation, but it is comparatively higher for 50WEO:50D operation. 50WPO:50D operation shows higher brake thermal efficiency for all loads as compared to 50WEO:50D and diesel fuel operation. Exhaust gas temperature is higher at all loads for 50WPO:50D and 50WEO:50D as compared to diesel fuel operation.

Keywords

Waste engine oil Waste plastic oil Diesel fuel Pyrolysis Compression ignition engine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai for providing funds for this research work under selective excellence program.

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Edwin Geo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ankit Sonthalia
    • 2
  • Fethi Aloui
    • 3
  • J. S. Femilda Josephin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Automobile EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyKattankulathurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Automobile EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and Technology, NCR CampusModinagarIndia
  3. 3.Campus Mont Houy, F-5931 LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Valenciennes (UVHC), Campus Mont-HouyValenciennes Cedex 9France
  4. 4.Department of Software EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyKattankulathurIndia

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