Journal of Central South University

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 898–908 | Cite as

Recognition and depiction of special geologic bodies of Member 3 of Dongying Formation in Littoral Slope Zone, Qikou Sag

  • Si Chen (陈思)Email author
  • Hua Wang (王华)
  • Li-hong Zhou (周立宏)
  • Chuan-yan Huang (黄传炎)
  • Pei-gang Ren (任培罡)
  • Jia-hao Wang (王家豪)
  • Yuan-tao Liao (廖远涛)
  • Xue-mei Xiang (向雪梅)
  • Cun-yin Xia (夏存银)


The purpose of this study is to forecast the profitable oil and gas reservoir, which is the key of finding hydrocarbon, based on the conception of special geologic bodies. With the guiding methodology of the research thinking of integration of point-line-surface by using the methods and techniques of logging, seismic, seismic attribute, and logging constrained inversion in 3D data volume, the special geologic bodies of Member 3 of Dongying Formation in Littoral Slope Zone of Qikou Sag, which has important hydrocarbon exploration potential, are recognized and described under the constraint of sequence stratigraphic framework. As a result, the developed scale, geometric shape and space distribution feature of the special geologic bodies are forecasted; the inner structure and sequence structure patterns of the geologic bodies are also ascertained. From the lowstand system tract (LST) and lacustrine expanding system tract (EST) to the highstand system tract (HST), the geologic bodies have evolved from relative centralization of lake basin reducing period to three relative dispersive isolated parts of broad lake basin period. According to the relevance and regularity of the development of geologic bodies, the conclusions can be obtained that three types of potential profitable reservoir traps, including the lithologic lens traps, lithologic updip pinchout traps and structural-lithologic composite traps, are forecasted. In addition, scientific basis for further hydrocarbon exploration in new area (few-well area and no-well area) is offered in the guidance of sequence stratigraphic model.

Key words

Qikou Sag Littoral Slope Zone Dongying Formation special geologic bodies 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    BERG O R. Seismic detection and evaluation of delta and turbidite sequences: Their application to exploration for the subtle trap [J]. AAPG Bulletin, 1982, 66(9): 1271–1288.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    BOWEN D W, WEIMER P. Regional sequence stratigraphic setting and reservoir geology of Morrow incised-valley sandstones (lower Pennsylvanian), eastern Colorado and western Kansas [J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2003, 87(5): 781–815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    SHEN Wu-xian, FAN Tai-liang, GUO Gang, GAO Zhi-qian, GONG Xue. Development of reservoir sandbody in sequence stratigraphic framework of middle-lower Jurassic in Turpan Sag [J]. Journal of Central South University: Science and Technology, 2009, 40(6): 1672–1678. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    LEE G H, WATKINS J S. Seismic sequence stratigraphy and hydrocarbon potential of the Phu Khanh Basin, offshore central Vietnam, South China Sea [J]. AAPG Bulletin, 1998, 82(9): 1711–1735.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    BÉDIR M, BOUKADI N, TLIG S, TIMZAL F B, ZITOUNI L, ALOUANI R, SLIMANE F, BOBIER C, ZARGOUNI F. Subsurface mesozoic basins in the central atlas of tunisia: Tectonics, sequence deposit distribution, and hydrocarbon potential [J]. AAPG Bulletin, 2001, 85(5): 885–907.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    SHEN Shou-wen, PENG Da-jun, YAN Qi-bin, HUANG Xian-lü, LI Zhi-jun. The application of sequence stratigraphy to subtle trap prediction: Its principle and method [J]. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 2000, 21(3): 300–305. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    JIANG Shu, WANG Hua. Geophysical feature of special low-positional geologic bodies in minor faulted lake basin: Case of Miyang sag [J]. OGP, 2005, 40(5): 565–568, 584. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    ZHANG Jie, QIU Nan-sheng, WEI A-juan, WANG Xin, HAO Li-hua, DUAN Jian-kang. Discussion on the accumulation conditions and the distribution of the subtle traps in Qikou Sag, Huanghua Depression [J]. Journal of Xi’an Shiyou University: Natural Science Edition, 2005, 20(3): 32–35. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    BAI Yun-feng, WANG Zhen-sheng, WEI A-juan, LU Xue-ju, ZHANG Bing. Time and space distribution characteristics and material resource system of heavy minerals in Dongying Formation of Huanghua Depression [J]. Petroleum Geology and Development of Daqing, 2008, 27(2): 39–42. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    WANG Hua, LIAO Yuan-tao, LU Yong-chao, REN Jian-ye, WANG Jia-hao, YAN De-tian, LIU Yan-bo. Sequence architecture styles of Cenozoic continental rift basins in East China [J]. Journal of Central South University: Science and Technology, 2010, 41(1): 277–285. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    MORTON A C. A new approach to provenance studies-electron-microprobe analysis of detrital garnets from Middle Jurassic sandstones of the northern North-Sea [J]. Sedimentology, 1985, 32(4): 553–566.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    DICKINSON W R, BEARD L S, BRAKENRIDGE G R, ERJAVEC J L, FERGUSON R C, INMAN K F, KNEPP R A, LINDBERG F A, RYBERG P T. Provenance of North American phanerozoic sandstone in relation to tectonic setting [J]. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1983, 94(2): 222–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    LIU Xiao-ping, QIU Nan-sheng. Analysis of reservoir forming stages of the subtle traps in Qikou Sag, Huanghua Depression [J]. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 2006, 28(3): 203–205. (in Chinese)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    YANG Li-qiang. A review of well log constrained seismic inversion [J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2003, 18(3): 530–534. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    YAN Jian-zhong, ZHOU Sheng-li, ZHOU jie, HUANG Zhao-wen, XIAO Ling. Well constrained seismic character inversion and effect analysis [J]. Fault-Block Oil and Gas Field, 2004, 11(2): 14–15. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    SONG Wei-qi, ZHAO Wan-jin, FENG Lei, WU Hua. Prognoses of thin reservoir by combining seismic high-resolution inversion technology and geological simulation [J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2005, 26(1): 50–54. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    WU Da-kui, TANG Bi-rui, TAN Fa-lan, WU Yan-wei, HUANG Hua-xiang, LEI Xue. Research on the inversion methods of seismic reservoir prediction [J]. Periodical of gas, 2004, 24(10): 38–40. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    WANG Hua, LU Yong-chao, REN Jian-ye, WANG Jia-hao. The fundamental principle, method and application of sequence stratigraphy [M]. Wuhan: Press of China University of Geoscience, 2007: 300–309. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    LI Ting-hui, CHEN Hong-tao, KONG Fan-dong, LU Gang-chen. Application of comprehensive reservoir prediction technology in subtle reservoir exploration: A case study in the eastern slope of Banqiao depression [J]. Geophysical prospecting for petroleum, 2003, 42(3): 340–345. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    HUANG Chuan-yan, WANG Hua, XIAO Dun-qing, WANG Jia-hao, LIAO Yuan-tao, BAI Yun-feng, YUE Yong. Sequence patterns, characteristics of depositional systems and model of reservoirs of fault steep slope belt of the first member of Shahejie Formation in Banqiao Sag [J]. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2007, 25(3): 386–391. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    XU Feng-ming, CHI Ying-liu, LU Shuang-fang, LI Xing-wei. Stratigraphy study of Shahejie formation in north slope of Qikou Sag in Bohai Gulf basin [J]. Journal of Daqing Petroleum institute, 2007, 31(5): 14–17. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    YAN De-tian, WANG Hua, WANG Jia-hao, WANG Qing-chen. Sequence Stratigraphic pattern and forecast of subtle reservoir of the Shahejie formation in Huanghua depression [J]. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology, 2008, 37(1): 30–37. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    PU Xiu-gang, WU Yong-ping, ZHOU Jian-sheng, YANG Chi-yin, LIAO Qian-jin, ZHOU Li-hong, XIAO Dun-qing, ZHA Ming, LIU Sa. Characteristics and exploration potential of lithologicstratigraphic hydrocarbon reservoirs in Qikou Sag of Dagang Oilfield [J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2007, 28(2): 35–39. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    BERG O R. Seismic detection and evaluation of delta and turbinate sequence; their application to exploration for the subtle trap [J]. AAPG Bulletin, 1982, 66(9): 1271–1288.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    REYMOND B A, STAMPFLI G M. Three-dimensional sequence stratigraphy and subtle stratigraphic traps associated with systems tracts: West Cameron region, offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico [J]. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 1996, 13(1): 41–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Si Chen (陈思)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hua Wang (王华)
    • 2
  • Li-hong Zhou (周立宏)
    • 3
  • Chuan-yan Huang (黄传炎)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pei-gang Ren (任培罡)
    • 4
  • Jia-hao Wang (王家豪)
    • 2
  • Yuan-tao Liao (廖远涛)
    • 2
  • Xue-mei Xiang (向雪梅)
    • 5
  • Cun-yin Xia (夏存银)
    • 6
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of EducationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Earth ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.PetroChina Dagang Oilfield CompanyTianjinChina
  4. 4.Department of Geology and LoggingJiangsu Petroleum Exploration BureauYangzhouChina
  5. 5.Sinopec Geophysical Research InstituteNanjingChina
  6. 6.PetroChina Fushan Oilfield CompanyGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations