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Journal of Central South University of Technology

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 779–785 | Cite as

Flame retardancy effect of surface-modified metal hydroxides on linear low density polyethylene

  • Xiang-jian Kong (孔祥建)
  • Shu-mei Liu (刘述梅)
  • Jian-qing Zhao (赵建青)Email author
Article

Abstract

Metal hydroxides (MAH) consisting of magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide with a mass ratio of 1:2 were surface-modified by γ-diethoxyphosphorous ester propyldiethoxymethylsilane, boric acid and diphenylsilanediol in xylene under dibutyl tin dilaurate catalyst at 140 °C. Phosphorus, silicon and boron elements covalently bonded to metal hydroxide particles were detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The degradation behavior of the surface-modified MAH was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis. The results show that linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) composite, filled with 50% (mass fraction) of MAH modified by 5.0% (mass fraction) of modifiers, passes the V-0 rating of UL-94 test and shows the limited oxygen index of 34%, and its heat release rate and average effective heat combustion in a cone calorimeter measurement decrease obviously; The mechanical properties of MAH can be improved by surface-modification. The uniform dispersion of particles and strong interfacial bonding between particles and matrix are obtained.

Key words

metal hydroxides linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) synergistic flame retardancy effect surface-modification 

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Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang-jian Kong (孔祥建)
    • 1
  • Shu-mei Liu (刘述梅)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jian-qing Zhao (赵建青)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.The Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of EducationSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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