Flame retardancy effect of surface-modified metal hydroxides on linear low density polyethylene
- 250 Downloads
Metal hydroxides (MAH) consisting of magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide with a mass ratio of 1:2 were surface-modified by γ-diethoxyphosphorous ester propyldiethoxymethylsilane, boric acid and diphenylsilanediol in xylene under dibutyl tin dilaurate catalyst at 140 °C. Phosphorus, silicon and boron elements covalently bonded to metal hydroxide particles were detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The degradation behavior of the surface-modified MAH was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis. The results show that linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) composite, filled with 50% (mass fraction) of MAH modified by 5.0% (mass fraction) of modifiers, passes the V-0 rating of UL-94 test and shows the limited oxygen index of 34%, and its heat release rate and average effective heat combustion in a cone calorimeter measurement decrease obviously; The mechanical properties of MAH can be improved by surface-modification. The uniform dispersion of particles and strong interfacial bonding between particles and matrix are obtained.
Key wordsmetal hydroxides linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) synergistic flame retardancy effect surface-modification
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- BOURBIGOT S, DUQUESENE S, SEBIH Z, SEGURA S, DELOBEL R. Synergistic aspects of the combination of magnesium hydroxide and ammonium polyphosphate in flame retardancy of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer [J]. Fire and Polymers IV: Materials and Concepts for Hazard Prevention ACS Symposium Series, 2006, 922: 200–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- OLIVER S, LUCKAS H J, SANDRA R. Method for producing phosphonate-modified silicones: US, 20070049718 [P]. 2007-03-01.Google Scholar