Using MaxEnt Model to Guide Marsh Conservation in the Nenjiang River Basin, Northeast China
- 4 Downloads
Incorporating private and working lands into protected area networks could mitigate the isolation state of protected areas (PAs) and improve the efficiency of conservation. But how to select patches of land for conservation is still a troublesome issue. In this study, the MaxEnt model and irreplaceability index were applied to guide marsh conservation in the Nenjiang River Basin, Northeast China. According to the high accuracy of the MaxEnt model predictions (i.e., the average AUC value = 0.933), the Wuyuer River and Zhalong marshes in the downstream reaches of Wuyuer River are the optimal habitat for the Red-crowned crane and migratory waterfowls. There are 22 marsh patches selected by the patch irreplaceability index for conservation, of which 12 patches had been included in the current network of protected areas. The other 10 patches of marsh (amounting to 1096 km2) far from human disturbances with high NDVI (up to 0.8) and close distance to water (less than 100 m), which are excluded from the existing network of PAs, should be implemented conservation easement programs to improve the protection efficiency of conservation. Specifically, the marshes at Taha, Tangchi, and Lamadian should be given priority for conservation and restoration to reintroduce migratory waterfowls, as this would lessen the current isolation state of the Zhalong National Nature Reserve.
KeywordsMaxEnt model irreplaceability index marsh conservation Red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) Nenjiang River Basin
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This paper was supported by the RS and GIS Research Center of the Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, who kindly provided us with some data and experimental instruments.
- Buschke F T, Vanschoenwinkel B, 2014. Mechanisms for the inclusion of cumulative impacts in conservation decision-making are sensitive to vulnerability and irreplaceability in a stochastically simulated landscape. Journal for Nature Conservation, 22(3): 265–271. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2014.02.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Evans-Peters G R, Dugger B D, Petrie M J, 2012. Plant community composition and waterfowl food production on Wetland Reserve Program easements compared to those on managed public lands in western Oregon and Washington. Wetlands, 32: 391–399. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-012-0275-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Feng Kemin, Li Jinlu, 1985. Aerial surveys of the Red-crowned cranes and other waterfowls in China. Journal of Northeastern Forestry College, 13(1): 80–87. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- He Chunguang, Sheng Lianxi, Lang Huiqing et al., 2004. Migration dynamics of Grus japonensis in recent years spring and conservation of its habitat in Xianghai Nature Reserve. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 15(9): 1523–1526. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Jiang Hongxing, Piao Renzhu, 2015. Census of Breeding Waterfowls in Songnen Plain of Northeast China by Ground and Aerial Surveys (2004–2008). Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Jones J, 2001. Habitat selection studies in avian ecology: a critical review. Auk, 118(2): 557–562. doi: https://doi.org/10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118[0557:HSSIAE]2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ma Yiqing, Jin Longrong, Jin Ailian et al., 1987. An aerial survey on Red-crowned cranes and other rare waders in the Wuyuer River Basin of Heilongjiang Province. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 33(2): 187–191. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Moore C T, Lonsdorf E V, Knutson M G et al., 2011. Adaptive management in the U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System: science- management partnerships for conservation delivery. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(5): 1395–1402. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.10.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Parker D P, Thurman W N, 2013. Conservation easements: tools for conserving and enhancing ecosystem services. Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics, 2: 133–143. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375067-9.00053-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Phillips S J, Dudik M, Schapire R E, 2012. A Brief Tutorial on Maxent. AT&T Labs-Research, Princeton University, the Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History.Google Scholar
- Senzaki M, Yamaura Y, Nakamura F et al., 2015. The usefulness of top predators as biodiversity surrogates indicated by the relationship between the reproductive outputs of raptors and other bird species. Biological Conservation, 191: 460–468. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.07.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang Zhiliang, 2016. GAP Analysis of Wetland Nature Reserve in Nenjiang River Basin, Northeast China. Changchun: Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Wu Qingming, Wang Lei, Zhu Ruiping et al., 2016. Nesting habitat suitability analysis of red-crowned crane in Zhalong Nature Reserve based on Maxent modeling. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 36(12): 3758–3764. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Zhang Yanhong, He Chunguang, 2009. Dynamic change of suitable habitat for Red-crowned crane in Zhalong Natural Reserve based on GIS. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 37(4): 43–45. (in Chinese)Google Scholar